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November 21, 2013     Clinch Valley Times
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o ,. ( Pale 2 CL!NCI-fWa, LI,EY TIMES, St Paul, VA, "l&apos;hur+da, No,+ l.'niber 21. 2013 Of sho'e's..and ships..and sealing Reprinted from Novelnber 18, 2()04 Thanksgivfllg is the only holiday of which l'm aware that, bevdnd its basic meanin,.z oI _l\\;,, ;.n,, thanks for all tile bfe,.s.sin,,s. . , we on or. in this countr\\;,, is identified with.food. Not just a simple meal, but a meal with more choices of dishes than any one sensible person,should have to face. Alas! Few of us are sensible when seated at the Thanksgiving table, and, instead of choosing just a few dishes from the vast offering,. We tend to take some of evervthin<,--. and then proceed to eat it all! -As we ge{"ready to ce.lebrate this. uniquely American holiday next week, and the area's cooks are getting their gro/:ery lists together and their lhmily's favorite recipes.lined up, I thought it might be thn to take a look ;.!.-that first Thanksgiving, ,which was celebrated sometime between September 21 and November 11,,,1.621. and see just who was involved and what was...pa'obably on the menu. The Interact provides unbelievable opportunities for research, on almost any topic-and searching for and' finding information oil lifts particular subject was, i1" you'll forgive me, a piece of cake! When the P, ilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620, they,sdon encountered members of the Wampanoag .tribe who, fortunately for the Pilgrims, traditionally welcomed and helped any visitors with whom they canoe in contact. Without the assistance that these nat!ve's, led by Massasoit, provided to the newcomers, "most historians believe the Pilgrims would have '.di'&t out completely. As it was, nearly half of them' ll._..d_ die during that first winter, but the rest survived., A member of the Pokanokit Wampanoag..nation named Tisquantum (or Squanto) had learned Falglish--had, in fact, been to England, according to.one account I found, and it was he who took it upon .himself to concentrate on the survival of the Pilgrims:. The wheat they had brought with them refused to grow 'in the rocky soil, and Squanto taught them how ro--i:ultivate corn and other vegetables, many .of which' was "foreign" to the newcomers; brought them"vnison and beaver skins; and showed them how to make medicine from plants that grew in the area. He_probably also taught them how to preserve food tOt the winter. By the time fall of 1621 arrived, the Pilgrims found themse[4e;s tO be in a much better position to survive, thanks to hard work and the help of their friend Squanto 7. The Algonkian tribes, of which the Wampanoag .@a's one, held six festivals each year during which.;i'hey gave thanks to the Creator for various elempis of their lives--l) the maple tree, 2) the planting sea2son, 3) appearance of the first fruits of the season, 4)" ripening corn, 5) harvest, and 6) a celebration of m'id-winter So what we consider to be the first Tha/i!isgiving was actual} the fifth such festival the Wapanoag had celebrated that year! With the.-success of the Pilgrims' efforts with farming and ;hunting to collect enough food to live through the':wirlter, they decided to celebrate, and invited Squantd., Massasoit and Samoset (another English-speaking native whom Squanto, my source relates, had met. in England) and their families to come and help.them celebrate. Not having any idea of the size of ttie native families, the Pilgrims were astonished--_t, fien alarmed--when 90 people showed up---not enot!gh-food had been prepared! The guests, I Red RiBbon Week 2014 annual call-for-entries r The National FaTnily Part- nership (NFP) anhounced its annual call-for-entries for the new theme of next" year's Red Ribbon Week. "The winner will receive national i:aciaim and recognition,", said.Peggy Sapp, NFP's volunteer president. "The winning slogan and. design will be used tbroughour t014 at thou- sands of schools and ,commun- ities across America," "In its 29 m year as the nation's largest and oldest drug prevetidn camp- aign, Red Ribbon Week reaches 80 million people each year 41. ii. throughout the Umted States. The winner will'r:eive $500 worth of Red Ribb'of Week 2014 merchandise for .-their K-12 school.  Entries must be'reCeived by December 2, 201.3;.v.i,a, email to redribbon@nfp.ork o?' via mail to National Fami.ly litrtnership, 2490 Coral Wa};, Miami, FL 33145). Please "ind lude your name, school, telephgne number and email address. Contest rules and full details a/e, Available at www.redribbon.orN'e0ter. Red Ribbon Week' is cele- brated in scl{561,g" across America, with larg%l.:nners and signs hung from-fi'taquees and fences. Your theme,'and design should work within t.'fiis context. Themes should bff'b/ief and as catchy as possible. ](,'lhe theme for this year is "A Healthy Me is Drug Free.") The tkeme for 2012 was "The Best Me is Drug Free," 2011 's theme was "It's Up To Me To Be D(ug, Free," the theme for 2010 was},i iAm Drug Free: Choices = Consequences." While the red ribbon.should be promi'nently featured in the design, it is not reqir'ed. Please refer to 'the red ribbon logo at .4m7 F..nV (;revor:" Getting rectdy to give thanks/ www.redribbon.org. And last, don't be afraid to use other colors (in addition to red) in your entry. Please note that using the words "Drug Free" is not required. The winner will be recog- nized at the 2014 Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of Ame- rica's (CADCA) Annual Leader- ship Forum (which brings together more than 2,500 participants representing seeing thc I;rohlc,l. lcft briefly and calnc back with a \\;arietv of Ioc,ds they had prepared. Ibis celebration was, after all. to last "three days! i\\;s to 'he lp.Clltl, it vmies somewhat from \\;vhat the :>,ctiority t!" '<is x\\;ou!d speculate. \\;\ere we asked \\;vhat \\;vgls .,;e!\\;ed on Hint lirst Thald<sgivip, g. While there probably were wild turkeys (and possibly wild geese. ducks, cranes, swans, partridges and eagles), there is no cxidence that ham was served. Venisoll apd--do \\;Oh bclie\\;e seal? ..... could have been on the table. ho\\;\evcr..Xlost illcat \\;\as roasted Oil a spit over an open fire. Scalbod included cod. eel, clams and lobster--alier all. this event took place near the coast o[" Massachusetts! Ovens were probably not available to the Pilgrims, and their wheat hadn't produced, so bread probably was limited to some variety of fried cakes made of corn meal. Such sugar as thc l'ilgrims had brought with them tm the .klavl]ower \\;\,is probably gone by this time. so. other than sweet ffuit---phuns and grapes--and possibly honey and boiled sap from the maple tree ingredients for sweetening weren't available lbr xltat wc could consider traditional desserts. Tile Pilgrinls had brought no cows on board their ship, so, uMess they used goats" milk, milk wasrCt available for cooking or baking, either, if., indeed, baking could be done without an oven. Although chickens were brought from England, it isn't known if they survived to 1621. or. if they did, whether or not the hens were still laying, so it's possible that domestic eggs were not available. The Pilgrims, who liked to season their food well, probably did have olive oil, liverwort, leeks and dried currants for seasonings, and their vegetables could have included pumpkin (served stewed), peas, beans, onions, lettuce, radishes and carrots. As for the table itself, everything was put on it at once, with no regard to courses. People ate the different foods in whatever order thqy preferred Salt txas probably on the table, but not pepper, which was {ised only for cooking. Sweet potatoes were not common at the time, so were not on the table, nor was corn on the cob, since corn at that time of year was all dried. There was not yet any such thing as pumpkin pie, even if eggs, milk, sugar and an oven had been available. Cranberries were available, but without sugar to use in cooking them, were probably not on the menu. As these early settlers ate more meat than anything else, however, the lack of variety was probably not as vexing as we would consider it to be today. When we consider the variety and richness of what will be placed before most of us next Thursday, we realize again how fortunate we are to have such abundance. A wonderful way to indicate thanks and appreciation for all we have came to my attention .early this week Mountain Empire Older Citizens, Inc., is sponsoring a program called "Sharing Our Daily Bread" to help provide home delivered meals to the 277 people on the waiting list (863 individuals are already being served by MEOC's meals program). If you would like to express your. thanks by sharing your bounty with others, send your check to Sharing Our Daily Bread, MEOC., PO Box 888; Big Stone Gap, VA 24219. Marilyn Maxwell and her staff at MEOC will see that it's put to good use. Have a wonderful holiday! theme contest Flora elected community anti-drug coalitions from across the country, the media, government leaders, addiction treatment professionals, researchers, educators, law entbrcement, and ea+ba00ed ,eader* Christmas Tour winning slogan will also be recogn,00ed v,a Red R,bbon of Homes Week's national media relations and social media campaigns. The Russell County Rotary Winners will be announced on Club is hosting a Christmas Tour February 17, 2014. of Homes on the afternoon of Sunday, December 8. The tour 169 th Grand features historic homes, primar- ily in the Castlewood area, all dressed in their holiday finery. Master of Masons in Virginia .o00t home00 owned Uy the family that constructed them The Grand Lodge of Virginia, on Saturday, November 9, 2013, during its 235 'h Annual Communication, elected Wayne Sawyer Flora, of Virginia Beach .... Virginia, to serve as its 169 m Grand Master during 2013-2014. ........ Wayne Sawyer Flora was born in Princess Anne County, Virginia on August 17, 1942. He : graduated from Princess Anne High School and attended the Norfolk Division of the College of Willimn and Mary. He is President of Flora Electric Company and is a licensed Master Electrical Contractor in the Commonwealth of Virginia and the State of North Carolina. He is also a part-time farmer. His Masonic history began on March 8, 1967, and he is an active member in Princess Anne Lodge No. 25. His Masonic services since that day have been extensive, as have been his Wayne Sawyer Flora community services. During the tenure of Wayne Sawyer Flora, his emphasis will be "'Freemasonry - A Bacon of Light." and all still function as family homes. The 'youngest' home will celebrate its 100 't birthday next year, while several others claim birthdays in the 18 th cen- tury. A reception at the historic Old Russell County Courthouse is also included on the tour. This tour is a fundraiser for the Rotary Club, which will use the Proceeds to fund the Imagination Library of Russell County, which provides books to preschool children in Russell County. This is a self-guided tour: maps and information on each home are provided to each ticket holder, allowing them to set their own pace and visit the houses in the order they choose. Tickets are $20 each or $35 per couple; for tickets or more infor- mation, contact Wrenda Fuller at 276-701-3677 or Bee Stuart at 889-0120. Subscribe today to the Clinch Valley Times ...call 762-7671 Deadline for classifieds is Tuesday noon! Virginia Health Information issues 2013 report on HMO cost & quality \\;Vith tzn l l\\;!t)s ,;,:rxill2 I.I care such as cancer screen- millio'l Vir.,_'ilfiam>. h,,,.*<in thc ings ri.ht hc.fllh plan m:,. ",.C111 COlt- l.mn]t.,nizations Als,,g.'" ;' "/h'gmi:l ]lz" . i,. IIiLr- ('ardiovascular Disease ilia'!O!1 ( VI 1!) i, t,f'(,.'f:!l'2' Vi!'ill- ,lallaZClllC!lI ,d COI!S'HIlC!'> ,l!ld cniplo.xers a Diabetes Care and !tl(;i .0 Cg, illpdl'C ;!lld !!';lCk t lMO Management Pclt'orl!!211ct2 o!I :llO!c than 60 * \\;lenlal health ].,c', co,t and quality meilsures. Other highlights from this fhi is 'he eleventh vcar that \\;ear's report include: VIII has p!+o ided "'ConIpare hnlnuniz;ltions: IIXIOs.' a flcc, online repelling Neal-lv 837, of enrolled .t,o, i\\;w\'iruini:ms, children _:" vears or older I lc;Hth insurance cost and received all recommended c'o\\;cr:lgc ,l!t+' illlpcrlalll iSStlCS for xaccinations. COll<.tltllers throtlg]lOtlt Virginia. All axerage of 56% of Vlll's "'Compare HMOs" report adult nmmbers belween the shoxxs that many health services ages 50-64 received a flu covered by HMOs show year- shot, slightly above the aflcr-x ear improvements tbr national average. members. Rankings of HMOs Member Satisfaction: ',arx b\\; measure, and consumers * On average, 94% of can decide \\;vhat is important to members were satisfied with them to make intbrmed decis- how well their doctor corn- ions xlacn choosin- a health municatedvdththena. plan. 3 out of 4 members The report also contains gave their overall health care findings underscoring the need the highest rating, the highest for increased rates of cancer in5 ,,'ears. screening. For example, the per- For more information and to cent of women receiving cervi- view the data online, visit cal cancer screenings in 2012, http://vhi.or:'hmo compare.asp. nearly 760{,, reflects a downward About VHI: Virginia Health trend from the high of 82% in Information (VHI)is the nonpro- 2008. Cervical cancer screening fit organization that businesses, is important because the U.S. consumers, the Commonwealth National Cancer Institute esti- of Virginia and health insurance mates that up to 35% of pre- companies go to for health mature deaths from cancer could information. VHi publishes re- be avoided through screening, ports and consumer guides on VHI's "Compare HMOs" health insurance, hospitals, report provides detailed data to HMOs, nursing facilities, physi- employers and health care con- clans and other topics at sumers to help them make in- wwwvhi.org. fol'med decisions. Virginians can To find the latest updates on use the information to evaluate health care data and statistics, the effectiveness of care for find and "Like" VHI on dozens of services including: Facebook at Access to preventive www.facebook.com/vahealth. 2014 PTIN renewal period underway for tax professionals The Internal Revenue Ser- also view voluntary pro; vice reminded the nation's grams completed. If some- almost 690,000 federal tax return "thing is missing, contact your preparers that the}, must renew provider directly as we only their Preparer Tax Identification display what providers send Numbers (PTINs) for 2014. All to us. current PTINs will ixpire on Planning to take a year " 9 December o l, 013. off for any reason?,A,._, now Anyone who, for compen-, function allows certain, pr, e- sation, prepares or helps prepare ....... ,pr_e_r,s to ,jll..,._r any federal return or claim fiJr PTINs voluntarily and then refund must have a valid PT1N reactivate the same number from the IRS. The PTIN must be when they return to work. used as the identifying number This is only for those pre- en returns.prepared, parers who plan to take a full "We ask that you renew your year off. If you are paid to PTIN as soon as possible to prepare tax returns during avoid a last-minute rush. It's any part of a year, you must easy to let this slip as the holiday have a valid PTIN. Note: season approaches," said Carol Enrolled agents must A. Campbell, Director, IRS maintain valid PTIN each Return Preparer Office. year in order to maintain The PTIN system is ready to their EA credential and accept applications for 2014. therefore are not eligible to For those who already have a inactivate their PTIN. 2013 PTIN, the renewal process For moee information about can be completed online and requirements for federal tax only takes a few moments. The professionals and also complete renewal fee is $6,3. If you can't access to the online PTIN remember your user ID and system, please go to password, there are online tools www.irs.gov/for-Tax-Pros. to assist you. Preparers can get started at www.irs.ov/ptin. If you are registering for theprocess -r ,,Clinch., first time, the PTIN application fee is $64.25 and the valley may also be completed online. Form W-12, IRS Paid Pre- Times parer Tax Identification Number MEMBER Application and Renewal, is VIRGINIA PRESS ASSOCIATION available for paper tipplications and renewals, but takes four to Published weekly in St. Paul, six weeks to process. Failure to VA 24283, by the CLINCH have and use a valid PTIN may VALLEY PUBLISHING CO., result in penalties. All enrolled INC. agents, regardless of whether they prepare returns, must have a The Clinch Valley Times serves PTIN in order to maintain their the lbur-county area of Wise. status: Russell. Dickenson and Scott, There have been a number of with offices and plant located in enhancements to the online the CLINCH VALLEY TIMES PTIN system since last year. building, 16541 Russell Street. They include: Periodicals postage is paid a t the The fillly functional Post Office in St. Paul, VA 24283. "'Manage My Account" tool allowing preparers to self- Allen Gregory Editor/Adv. correct almost any field at Susan Trent Adv./Graphics any time (including profess- ional credentials). Previously ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS: most changes had to be made In advance: $28.50 in Wise and during renewal. A phone call Russell counties; $30.00 in was required for users to other 24-zip codes; elsewhere. make changes during the rest $32.50. of the }'ear. However, for sec- urity reasons, name changes POSTMASTER: send address still require written docu- changes to: Clinch Valley mentation. Times. P.O Box 817. St. Paul. Preparers can now view VA 24283 completed coutinuing educa- tion programs reported by SINGt.ECOPY-50c. IRS-approved providers be- ginning with 2013 courses. Classified Advertising: Mini- Providers report completed mum charge. $6.00 tbr tip to 20 CE programs to the IRS words, in advancc: 25c per w,',rd based on )'our PTIN number, after 20 words. Display Advcrt- Enrolled agents must have a ising rales on application. minimum of 16 CE hours an- nually and a total of 72 hours Periodicals publication every three \\;'ears. Others can Post ISSN: 767600