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November 3, 2016

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Page 2 CLINCH VALLEY TIMES St. Paul, Va. Thursday, November 3, 2016 ~ ~r ships..and sealing wax.. Gregory The Great Wall Reprinted from November 16, 2006 Southwestern United States. The Wall in my phrase is Considered to be one of the seven man-made won- the Republicans' effort to repel illegal immigrants from ders of the world, the Great Wall of China was begun in south of the border (sounds like an old grade B film the third century BC and concluded sometime between title). Rather than being a wall, it will evidently be a the 1300s and 1800s. It outlines nearly four thousand fence, and interestingly, I don't have nearly as much miles of the northern border between China and Inner information about it as I have about the millennia-old Mongolia. It was built to protect the various Chinese Great Wall of China. I don't for example, have any idea dynasties from invasion by Huns, Mongols, Turkic and of the materials from which it will be constructed-- other nomadic tribes. Its value became less apparent chain link wire? flagstone? patio bricks? Or will the with tlae relatively recent introduction of gunpowder government perhaps take a page from the Qin and other more modem tools of warfare. Dynasty's book and use blocks of earth? The Great Wall of China is the largest man-made Neither do we know just exactly who will build this structure in the world. Generally considered to have incredible structure. More than likely it won't be crim- been built in five segments over the centuries, those inals, prisoners of war, members of the military or con- who have some interest in Chinese history might be scripted civilians, but I have a pretty good idea that interested to know that, according to one source, the Halliburton will have something to do with it. No price Wall was begun around 208 BC during the Qin Dynasty is yet available for the fence, which will mark one-third by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first Emperor of China. The of the 2,100 mile border the United States shares with second phase was constructed during the first century Mexico, but what has been called a "down payment" of BC by the Han Dynasty; the third in the seventh centu-' $1.2 billion (with a "b") was included in the legislation. ry by the Sui Dynasty; the fourth between 1138-1198, No other funding for the extraordinarily peculiar fence which was the Five Dynasties/Ten Kingdoms period; has been allocated. One reference I found in news and the final segment between 1368-1640, from the rule releases is that a fourteen mile segment of the fence of the Hongwu Emperor until the Wanli Emperor of the which is apparently already under construction south of Ming Dynasty. Construction required massive labor San Diego has a price tag of $126.5 million, which forces, generally supervised by military leaders, averages more than nine million per mile, or to be quite Workers included criminals, prisoners of war and dissi- precise, $1,711.31 per FOOT! Now most of us have, at dents (yes, they existed even that long ago!) Because so some time or other, had a fence built to keep the chil- many people died during the building of the wall, it's dren in the back yard, but I doubt that most of us would sometimes called the longest cemetery on earth,have considered doing such a thing had the tab been Building materials for the wall first included dirt, anything close to $1700 per foot! Again, there is no stones and wood, most obtained from the area of con- information about the materials being used, nor do we stmction, since transportation of materials was a prob- know either the height or width of the fence. The article lem. Blocks of compacted earth formed a strong basis I read didn't say who was doing the current work, but for much of the early wall construction. During the again, I'd be willing to bet that Halliburton isn't far Ming Dynasty, more technologically sophisticated away. materials such as bricks and tiles were used to supple- Okay. So we build a 700 mile long fence. In this day ment the cruder dirt and stone, of extension ladders, wire-cutters, sledgehammers and Although it has been reported--and repeated--that other "high-tech" fence-breeching tools, not to mention the Great Wall of China can be seen from the moon, helicopters, I wonder if the fence isn't going to be any- that's nothing more than urban legend. The Wall, thing more than just a bump in the road of those who although massively long, is only a few yards wide, and wish to enter the country illegally. I've read that the astronauts who've been on the moon confirm that they Congressional plan includes the deployment of addi- couldn't see it, although it can be seen (and pho- tional immigration agents, but how many of them do tographed, of course) by some earth=orbiters, you suppose it will take to man the entire 700 miles of While no longer useful in fending off invaders, the fence with any effectiveness? In the meantime, what do Great Wall of China is being put to good .use in the you suppose will happen along the other 1400 miles of twenty-first century as a tourist attraction. One section U.S./Mexican border? of it is touted as a Great Wall Walk, the trek along a por- The whole idea of this far-from-Great Wall is just tion of the fascinating structure taking from three to five nuts, and, according to one source I read was a GOP hours, depending upon the walker, who will find a shop pre-election effort to let people know they were back at the hotel with T-shirts which proclaim "I addressing the illegal immigrant issue. Walked The Great Wall." Now that the majorities of both the House and the While it won't be able to claim the Great Wall of Senate have changed, perhaps it isn't too late to bring China's extraordinary length of 3,948 miles, what about a turn around and cancel this absurd proposal. threatens to be The Great Wall of the Southwest will be The Berlin Wall, complete with armed guards, kept able to claim 700 miles. The use of the word people "in their place." Is that the kind of"protection" "Southwest" isn't intended, of course, to invoke our we want in the land of the free and the home of the own section of Virginia, but is rather a reference to the brave? An issue we should no longer ignore By Lee H. Hamilton tax increases, and econom- ic growth. There are advo- Americans understand cares for each, but it is hard that our nation's strength to imagine that salvation and security depend on its lies in one approach alone. fiscal health. This may not Proposals to slash the be foremost on their minds deficit by cutting spending right now, but rarely do I fall far short of what is" address a public meeting at needed. Indeed, our experi- which no one expresses ence in the recent past concern about the federal offers no hope that politi- debt and our general fiscal cians will find agreement condition. We face an on significant spending ongoing, long-term mis- cuts. A similar issue con- match between our spend- fronts those who believe ing and revenues, and year that we just nred to unleash after year, administration the forces of the market to after administration, the propel economic growth -- debt grows larger, to make progress, we A lot of ordinary people would need to see a growth worry about this. They rate far above anything we believe that a healthy fiscal have a reasonable chance situation is essential to our to reach and sustain. And success as a nation. And although there may be they want policies in place politicians who quietly that allow us to address the wish we could tax our way debt without interfering out of the deficit crisis, with the economic well- there is no political being of the country, appetite for it. But the presidential can- In short, we need them didates aren't giving seri- all: a combination of tax 0us attention to deficit increases, spending cuts in reduction, and neither, for both defense and non= the most part, are members defense areas, and econom- of Congress. This may be ic growth that will stabilize because the federal deficit debt at a manageable level. -- that is, the yearly differ- Each is difficult. Capitol ence between revenues and Hill's preferred tactic when expenditures -- has it comes to taxes is tO cut shrunk. But that's only them, not increase them. temporary, a respite from The tax code is larded with the deficit highs we tax "expenditures" -- that incurred during the reces- is, the mess of preferences, sion. With a rising propor- loopholes, and tax breaks tion of older people and aimed at solving social spending on entitlement problems or buttressing programs such as Social one industry or another. Security, Medicaid and These are politically attrac- Medicare growingdramati- tive because they don't cre- cally, we're not far away ate additional spending, but from facing dangerous lev- the budgetary impact is the els of debt. A fix is becom- same: they reduce revenues ing increasingly urgent, and expand the deficit. In and the longer we delay the that atmosphere, actual tax more difficult it will be. increases -- the kind that So what do we do? The would help us get our debt solutions flow along three under control -- can seem broad lines: spending cuts, remote. On the spending side, the rhetoric coming from Washington -- and out on the campaign trail -- raises unrealistic expectations about the savings that can be achieved through budg- et cuts. Not only do most proposals fall far short of what is needed, but the demands-we face on enti- tlement programs, the country's evident need for public investment -- espe- cially in infrastructure -- and higher interest rates on the debt are all powerful forces pushing in the oppo- site direction. But really, what choice do we have? The three- pronged solution I've out- lined -- a combination of spending restraint, tax increases, and economic growth -- is privately acknowledged by almost everyone I've encountered, whatever their public posi- tion, to be the only realistic approach. Yes, this kind of deal will have to be phased in over years, giving peo- ple and businesse.s time to The Wise County Sheriff's Office reports the following activities for the period of 10/17/2016 through 10/23/2016. Wise Central Dispatch received a total of 1,544 calls for this seven-day period. Of the total calls received 302 were dis- patched to the Sheriff's Office Total number of Domestic calls for this period was 4. Criminal Process for this period: Served 9 Felony Warrants, 21 Misdemeanor Warrants, 1 DUI Arrest. adjust. But the urgency of the question is pressing and will only get greater as deficits go up. The longer we delay, the more painful the adjustment will be. Our system has met greater challenges in the past. We've been through a civil war, two world wars, waves of immigration unseen by any other nation, and we've managed them all. It took strong political leadership, bipartisanship, negotiation, and compro: raise to thread our way through. That's what get- ting our debt under control will require. We'd better get started. Lee Hamilton is a Senior Advisor for the Indiana University Center on Representative Government; a Distinguished Scholar, IU School of Global and International Studies; and a Professor of Practice, IU School of Public and Environmental Affairs. He was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for 34 years: Civil Process Served: 694 Civil Papers Traffic Accidents: 7 6 Additional Criminal Investigations were initiat- ed and 13 Cleared by Arrest. Sheriff's Office provid- ed 256 man-hours of Court Room Security. Unlocked Vehicles: 20 Escorted Funerals: 6 The Sheriff's Office Total Transport for this period: 5 Total Transport Hours: 21 2,026 Visitors to Courthouse. Letter to Editor: their generous donation On behalf of given on November 17, Castlewood High School 2016 to our program in our and Castlewood Youth effort to buy a new Wrestling teams, we wantwrestling mat. to thank the Town Council Castlewood Wrestling and Mayor of St. Paul for Coaching Staff LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Readers are invited to write letters on matters of general interest to the public. Letters do not necessarily reflect the philosophy or edi- torial policy of this newspaper, which reserves the right to edit letters. The Clinch Valley Times will not print unsigned letters. Notice on Mineral Gap data center The Wise County the public and private sec- Sheriff's Office has recent- tors. As is routine, Wise ly received inquiries asso- County Sheriff Ronnie ciated withthe construction Oakes has met with the project in the Technology developers of the project. Park on Airport Road in "We are in close communi- Wise. The Mineral Gap cation with Mineral Gap data center is nearing com- representatives," said pletion and is tentatively Sheriff Oakes. "We will scheduled to open next notify the public fo any month. The facility willnew developments as the house data and information project progresses." for organizations in both Out-bullying the bully By jimmy Reed Oxford, Mississippi, resident, Ole Miss alum- nus, Army veteran, and retired Mississippi Delta cotton farmer Jimmy Reed is a newspaper columnist, author and college teacher. His latest collection of short stories is available via, tele- phone 662-236-2262. All of us are crazier at night than in daytime -- triply so on Halloween. On that pitch black, moonless Halloween night, Wayne' s plan was not only craZy -- it was diabolical. Muscular, barrel-chested and an imposing six.foot, five-inches tall, he was an outstanding athlete at the college where I taught. He was also a bully. Dressed in a white sheet with a bloody knife wound over his heart and a hood with slanted eyeholes and fanged, frowning mouth, he would drop from his hiding place in a tree above a sidewalk in front of approaching trick-or- treaters, raise his arms, and roar, "Y-A-A-A-R-GH," causing terrified tots to drop their bags of booty and flee. Handing the stolen sweets to his cohorts in nearby bushes, he would climb again to his perch. After terrifying and rob- bing several kids, Casper the Unfriendly Ghost spied his next victim, a little boy skipping along on a broom, clutching a bag of treats. Wayne swooped to the sidewalk, raised his arms and roared. To his surprise, the boy dismounted from the broom, grasped it like a baseball bat and swung it with all his might, swatting the giant, fiendish foe hov- ering over him squarely across his horrific hood! Clutching his bag of candy, the boy remounted the broom and skipped away, leaving an enraged, moaning monster holding his face and cursing his guffawing comrades. Wayne came to class Monday morning with a purplish diagonal swath, a broom handle's width, from temple to jaw. One eye was shut, with blue and green arcs beneath it. "Well, Wayne, does the other guy look worse?" I asked teasingly. He hung his head, and the class fell silent, obviously knowing something I didn't. After class, I called the dejected youngster into my office. As he explained what happened, I sensed his self- esteem, along with his face, had suffered a telling blow. Wayne needed a way out, so I told him about the upcoming essay contest sponsored by the English Department. Toward the end of the semester, students would read each other's entries and vote. Authors of the top ten choices would read their essays at a combined meeting of all English sec- tions. Reluctantly, he agreed to write about his Halloween experience. A week before the con- test, Wayne dropped by my office and handed me an essay. Penned in his neat hand, it was entitled "Bullying Doesn't Pay." I was struck by the clar- ity of his thoughts. There was much more between this young man's ears than I suspected. The essay won hands down, and I knew from the way his once broom-bruised face shone that Wayne had grown up a lot that semester. After graduation, Wayne coached and taught English in high school. In both positions, he became a role model -- tough and tender. Years later, I asked him if he ever found out who the little boy was. "No," he chuckled, "If I had, I would have thanked him. He taught me an unforgettable lesson by out-bullying the bully." Subscribe to the Times! 276-762-7671 Clinch Valley Times MEMBER VIRGLNIA PRESS ASSOC/ATION l:hlblished weekly in St. Paul, VA 24283, by the CLINCH VALLEY PUBLISHING CO., INC. The Clinch Valley Times serves the foltr-couat2," area of Wise, Russell, Dickenson and Scott. with offices and plant located in the CLINCH VALLEY TIMES building.. 16541 Russell Street. Periodicals postage is paid at the Post Office in St. Patti, VA 24283 Allen Gregory Editor/Adv. Susan Treat Adv./Graphics ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS: hi advance: $28.50 in Wise and Russell Comaties; $30.00 in other 24-zip-codes; elsewhere $32.50. POSTMASTER: send address changes to: Clinch Valley Times, P.O. Box 817, St. Paul, VA 24283 SINGLE COPY - 50 Classified Advertising: mini- mum charge $6.00 for up to 20 words, in advance; 250 per word after 20 words. Display Advert- Lsing rates on application Periodicals publication Post ISSN: 767600