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Page 2 CLINCH VALLEY TIMES St. Paul, Va. Thursday, June 30, 2016 Of shoes..and ships..and sealing wax.. ".y Time Marches On Reprinted from July 12, 2007 Back in the good old days BT (that's "before televi- sion", any moving pictures we had of the news of the world came to us at movie theaters by way of news- reels, which were as integral a part of a movie program as the cartoon and previews. One of those series of newsreels was called, if I'm not badly mistaken, "Time Marches On." That's why the way we do things-- almost ALL things--today takes a little getting used to by people who are around my age who remember those days--and compare them to now. Other than still photographs in newspapers and mag- azines, the only pictures we had of World War II, for instance, were in movie theater newsreels, meaning that what we saw had happened at least a week earlier, and usually several weeks. News from the Korean War was, by and large, transmitted to us virtually the same way we received World War II news. It was totally different during the Vietnam War, with television pictures made available to us of what had happened the day before, or sometimes even on the very day we were seeing it. Today, of course, the news is even more current than that, with soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan and all around the world communicating via computer (using e-mail and voice messaging) on a daily basis and tele- vision newspeople "embedded" in troop units. Time, in this case, really has marched on! Today we get instant news! Another way time has marched on--and on and on-----can be credited to (or blamed on) inflation. We bought our very first house in 1961. It was on a new street in a new subdivision in Lexington, Kentucky. It had three bedrooms, a dining area, a large living room and a built in kitchen, and we paid a total of $13,225 for it. While we were shopping for that house, we also looked at one that cari:ied a price tag of a little over $18,000, but we innocently thought at that time that we would probably never be able to afford a house that cost that much! Of course since then, we've had several cars which cost considerably more than that first house-- and we buy modest domestic cars--nothing luxurious! Or you could compare what a loaf of bread or quart of milk (nobody--at least nobody I knew--bought milk in gallons in those days), or, and this is one of the obvious ones--what a gallon of gasoline cost back in the middle of the twentieth century to what we're paying today. Of course, what you paid for a gallon of gas this morning may not be the same as what I had to pay for a gallon of the same brand this afternoon, but that's just the way somebody's figured how to do it in 2007! But even more distressing than the speed with which we get the news of the world, or the amount we have to pay for a house or a car or a loaf of bread is the toll that the March of Times has taken on m0rals in.this cotintry, And, apparently, around the world. To be really alarmed about the moral decline, remember what happened to the once world-dominating Roman Empire. Although it was routinely attacked, its "decline and fall" came pri- marily from decaying morals within rather than from foreign enemies. Our nation is suffering from this kind of moral decline at its highest levels, as we see the President of the United States ignoring some of the Constitutional and civil rights that have kept this country strong since its inception. When I first heard on the news several years ago that the United States was using torture to extract information from political prisoners, I didn't believe it. That's just not what we do. How can we-- and especially how can our leaders-----even consider abandoning the democratic values that have held us together with such strength for so long? But on the other hand, marijuana, cocaine, LSD, heroin, and all the derivatives thereof are "just not what we do" in the United States, either, yet look at the prob- lems that we've had with drugs for decades. As we all know, those problems aren't just in our large cities, but in most of our smallest towns and villages, as well. When I enrolled as a college freshman in 1952, I was told that in order to spend the night somewhere other than in my dormitory room (such as, in my case, with my friend Tillie, who lived in Lexington), I must first have specific parental permission to stay there, wherev- er ".there" was, and I must sign out for the specific night. If those rules weren't obeyed, the day after any- one showed up from an unauthorized night out, she was sent home--for good. When Peyton enrolled (same place) in 1982 parents were told that residents of the girls' dorms were asked to sign out if they planned to spend the night somewhere else, but that signing out wasn't a requirement (and prior parental permission wasn't even mentioned). And that was 25 years ago! Let me use a movie star story to illustrate the point about moral decline. Ingrid Bergman, born in Stockholm, Sweden, was an actress who achieved con- siderable success in Swedish films. She was signed by David O. Selznick in 1939 to star in the English lan- guage version of Intermezzo, a film which she had made in Sweden three years earlier. The film--and Bergman--were a huge success. She was in a number of vastly popular films, including the classic, Casablanca, and over her career was nominated for seven Academy Awards, winning three. Her popularity remained enormous--until 1950. That was the year that she traveled to Italy to make the movie Stromboli, directed by Roberto Rossellini. She had an affair with Rossellini, and gave birth to a son. Her husband sued her for desertion--and won--and Bergman married Rossellini. That didn't help her a bit, however as her fans completely turned their back on her and her movies--nearly dared her to return to the U.S. In 1952, she had twin daughters (Isabella Rossellini, an actress and model, and Isotta Ingrid Rossellini). But she did return to the U.S., to make the picture Anastasia, for which she won her second Oscar. She seemed finally to have been forgiven by most of her American fans. She and Rossellini, incidentally, were divorced by this time. Compare the public's reaction to her affair to the public's reaction to similar situations today. Nobody now seems to care how, or with whom, today's stars live or have relationships. Even worse, many everyday young people who are not in the limelight adopt the same lifestyles, and these habits, too, are accepted. Time does indeed March On, but since it insists on doing so, doesn't it seem to you that the country should be getting better instead of worse? If you're experiencing the Summer Doldrums, we have the cure for you - get- ting out of the house and taking a great train ride! Escape the Dog Days of Summer with a cool, refreshing and scenic train trip through the mountains of the Southern Appalachian region. On Saturday, August 13th, 2016, the Watauga Valley Railroad Historical Society & Museum will sponsor its "Summer 2016 Excursion" - a train ride on the Great Smoky Mountains Railroad through the majestic Smoky Mountains and the beautiful country- side of Western North Carolina. The train follows the route of the former Southem Railway's Murphy Branch line, estab- lished in 1891, with its five percent grade, many bridges, and the beautiful whitewater Nantahala Gorge. Much of the route hugs the banks of the Little Tennessee and Nantahala Rivers and crosses Fontana Lake Trestle, standing 100 feet above the lake and spanning 780 feet. After crossing the lake, the train will enter the breathtaking Nantahala Gorge - a natu- ral wonder. Passengers can choose to ride in comfort in Coach Class, Crowrl Class or First Class. Ticket prices for adult Coach Class seats are $83 and $69 for chil- dren (2 to 12 years). Adult Crown Class seats are $96 and $79 for children (2 to 12 years). First Class seats $152 for adults over 21. The trip will begin in the parking lot of the Liberty Bell Middle School in Johnson City, TN, where passengers will board a motor coach departing 9:15 a.m. Upon arriving Bryson City, NC, passengers will have time to shop, snack, and visit the Smoky Mountain Train Museum before boarding the excur- sion train at 1:45 p.m. for the 4.5- hour roundtrip to the Nantahala Gorge and return. There will be a lay- over at the Gorge for sight- seeing. Expected arrival back to Johnson City is 8:30 p.m. To order tickets (and lunch for Coach and Crown Classes, if desired), send your check or money order along with the number of tickets, the class of car you choose and lunch choices to Summer 2016 Excursions, Watauga Valley RHS&M, P. O. Box 432, Johnson City, TN,37605-0432. A print- able ticket / lunch order form is available by going to our web site at www.wataugavalleynrhs.or g and clicking on the "Excursions" link. Please specify if you will accept an alternate,class of service if your choice is sold out; you will be refunded the difference. Money will be refunded if you do not wish an alternate service. Passengers will have several options for lunch: 1. Bring your lunch (small coolers only). 2. The following box lunch meals will be avail- able for purchase at $11.00 per meal and must be pre- ordered with your train ticket. a. TURKEY & CHEESE ON CROIS- SANT b. BAKED CHICKEN BREAST ON CROIS- SANT Included with the box lunch are chips, cookies and a choice of drink (unlimited coffee, tea or soft drink) in a disposable cup.. Box lunches can be picked up in the concession car once boarded. 3. We're~ excited to offer our passengers a dining in historic dining cars. A truly unique, on board dining experience in the grand tra- dition. A choice of meal (see menu below) will be available for selection. Note all dining car meals must be pre-purchased when ordering train ticket. These dinners include a choice of drink (unlimited coffee, tea or soft drink); and a special dessert. The cost is $1.5.00 per person. 4. Purchase food from the concession car. For questions about the trip, visit our web site at www.wataugavalleynrsh.or g; phone (423) 753-5797; e m a i 1 wataugavalley@ embarq- mail.com; or write us at Watauga Valley RHS&M, P. O. Box 432, Johnson City, TN 37605-0432. Dinner Menu Pulled Pork Boston roast rubbed with our spe- cial sp)ces then slow-roast- ed to Perfection served with slaw and cinnamon apples. Fire Braised Chicken Salad Our freshly made gourmet salad of cashews, sunflower seeds dried cran- berries, fresh blueberries, edamame, red onion, grape tomatoes, shredded carrots, napa cabbage, and kale tossed with a light Pomegranate blueberry dressing then topped with fire-braised Chicken, sea- soned and sliced. Veggie Lover Delight Our freshly made gourmet salad of cashews, sunflower seeds, dried cranberries, fresh blueber- ries, edamame, red onion, grape tomatoes, shredded carrots, napa cabbage, and kale tossed with light Pomegranate blueberry dressing. Pot Roast The Great Smoky Mountains Railroad The railroad has become a favorite of film producers over the years. The train wreck scene in the 1993 movie "The Fugitive," star- ring Harrison Ford and Tommy Lee Jones, was filmed in Dillsboro along For those eligible, voting should be easy by Lee H. Hamilton The elections process is not usually grist for inflammatory rhetoric. But this year has been differ- ent. Republican Donald Trump labeled the GOP primary process "crooked." Democrat Bernie Sanders suggested his party's use of super- delegates made its nomi- nating process a "rigged system." For many voters, the intricacies of voting rules quickly became a topic of overriding interest. Now that the primaries are over, I hope Americans remain just as intrigued by the laws governing gener- al-election voting in their states. Because at the moment, this country is engaged in an experiment with the democratic process that should rivet everyone who cares about representative government. We've seen two diverg- ing trends in the states in recent years. One approach has sought to make voting more difficult. Since the 2010 elections, 22 states have put laws in place nar- rowing voters' ability to go to the polls. They have 'decreased the time allotted for voting; added tough ID requirements; reduced options for voting prior to Election Day; added proof- of-citizenship require- ments; and made it neces- sary for voters to register well before election day. These steps, their backers contend, are necessary to guard against voter fraud and assure the integrity of the ballot. Other states have moved in the opposite direction. They've made it easier to register to vote; have added longer hours for voting on election day; have moved to mail-in bal- lots; and encourage early voting. They've done all they can to make the process of voting simple and convenient. On the whole, Republicans at the state level have favored greater restrictiveness and Democrats greater ease, but you don't have to be a partisan of one side or the other to recognize that politicians believe a great deal i~ at stake. Whatever they give as their reasons for pushing a particular approach, you can be sure they are also calculating the effect of rules changes on the outcome of elec- tions, and they'll do all the Great .Smoky Mountain Railroad. The wreckage of the set can still be viewed on the outbound "train excursion from Dillsboro. The Great Smoky Mountain Railroad ' "also was used in the filming of the 1996 comedy "My Fellow Americans," star- ring Jack Lemmon and James Gardner, when they stumble on to a charter train full of UNC-Chapel Hill Fans headed for the NCAA Final Four. Train 'scenes in the 1998 movie "Forces of Nature," star- ring Ben Affleck and Sandra Bullock, also were filmed on the Great Smoky Mountains Railroad FOR INFORMATION - VISIT OUR WEB SITE AT www.wataugavalleyn- rhs.org Or phone 423-753-5797 Subscribe to the Times! 276-762-7671 cvtimes@verizon.net they can to tilt the rules in their favor. ~ Which is why the ques- tion of how to approach the right to vote isn't going to be settled any time soon. There are a lot of court cases pending in the vari- ous states, and it's likely there will be conflicting judicial opinions. If we're going to debate the electoral process as a nation, let's keep in mind the core issue: it should be easy to vote -- and hard to cheat. Casting your ballot is a fundamental constitu- tional right, and ensuring that every eligible voter can do so is basic to our system. Every American should be able to exercise his or her right to vote without feeling cowed -- which is why I worry that efforts to limit voting will have a pernicious effect on our system of representa- tive government. The evidence on this is mixed. A recent paper by political scientists at UC San Diego analyzing turnout between 2008 and 2012 in states with strict voter ID laws found that they depressed voting overall -- more among Democratic constituencies, but among Republicans, too. Yet recent research also suggests that the opposite is not true: easing voting rules in states that never tightened them does not necessarily boost turnout. One certainty in all this is that a lot of people who are eligible to vote for var- ious reasons do not choose to do so. Of the 219 million Americans eligible to vote in 2014, the Census Bureau reported last year, roughly 41 million were not regis- tered; and turnout in actual elections is even lower. Voting behavior may be more related to motivation than it is to statutory activ- ity. A more pressing cer- tainty is that our entire vot- ing system needs attention. All too many jurisdictions try to run elections on the cheap, with machinery and processes that are inade- quate to the task. Even now, 16 years after the 2000 presidential election revealed deep flaws in the patchwork of ways we record and tally votes, the system remains rickety. "The vigor of American democracy rests on the vote of each citizen," a national commission on voting once wrote. Keep that in mind this election year -- and pay attention to how your state approaches its obligation to safeguard that vigor. Lee Hamilton is a Senior Advisor for the Indiana University Center on Representative Government; a Distinguished Scholar, IU School of Global and International Studies; and a Professor of Practice, IU School of Public and Environmental Affairs. He was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for 34 years. Clinch Valley Times MEMBER VIRGINIA PRESS ASSOCIATION Published weekly in St. Paul, VA Z4283, by the CLINCH VALLEY PUBLISHING CO., INC. The Clinch Valley Times serves the four-coamty area of Wise, Russell, Dickenson and Scott, with offices and plant located in the CLINCH V.M.LEY TIMES building, 16541 Russell Street. Periodicals postage is paid at the Post Office in St. Paul, VA 24283 Allen Gregory Editor/Adv. Susan Trent Adv./Graphics ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS: In advance: $28.50 in Wise and Russetl Counties; $30.00 in other 9;.4- zip-codes; elsewhere $32.50. POSTMASTER: send address changes to: Clinch Valley Times, P.O, Box 817, St, Paul~ VA 24283 SINGLE COPY - 50c Classified Advertising: mini- mttm charge $6.00 for up to 20 words, ha advance; 25c per word after 20 words. Display Advert- ising rates on application Periodicals publication Post ISSN: 76 t600