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Clinch Valley Times
St. Paul , Virginia
April 11, 2013     Clinch Valley Times
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April 11, 2013

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Page 8 CLINCH VALLEY TIMES, St. Paul, VA, Thursday, April 11, 2013 . Russell County Unit's Extension news Provided by the Russell County Extension Office Your Russell County Unit of the Virginia Tech and,Virginia State Extension Division---Corn- ella Estep, Scott Jessee,-Donna Meade and Bill Worrellpresents thisweek's Extension News. Our office is located on 131 East Main Street, Lebanon, VA: Che- ck out our Virginia Tech Public Website Address: Extension Calendar of Events: April 12: Washington County Cattlemen's (TN) Spring Heifer & Bull Sale, Kingsport Live- stock Market 6:00 pm April 13: Lawson. Family Farms, Spring Bull and. Female Sale 1:00 pm, Ewing, VA April !5: VQA Feeder Calf Take-Up, Tri-State Market, Ab- ingdon April 20: SW vA Angus Association's Double,Eeader, Washington County Fairgrounds. If you need information about any of the listed events, please call the Extension Office at:(276) 889-8056. . Scott Jessee - Agriculture : Crabgrass - a real pain in the grass! Crabgrass (Digitaria sp.) is the number one weed in' lawns and the best time to 'treat is usually before it is seen: As days get longer in late winter/early spring and soil temperatures warm, crabgrass seed are primed for germination. Wh.en., soil temperatures :ach 55 degrees F for 2 to 3' I days, germination is possible arid'can continue thro- ughout the spring and summer. No matter how well cr.bgrass has been controlled in .previous years, there is still a tremendous seed bank in the soil and any weak spots in the lawn dre likely sites to be invaded by this fast growing summer annual, Crah- grass' rapid emergence and ex- tremely fast growth rate,allow it to get a jump start on both cool and warm-season grasses alike. Since crabgrass is a warm-sea- son grass, it is particularly com- petitive against cool-season grasses (rescues, bluegrasses, ryegrasses etc.). Given that it is such a tough competitor, what are the best management prac- tices to battl e this pest? A thick, healthy turf is the best method of crabgrass co- ntrol. Crabgrass requires sun- light to germinate, a requirement that we can use to our advantage in the lawn. Dr. Shawn Askew, Extension Turfgrass Weed Sci- entist, advocates that the lawn itself controls far more weeds than any chemical ever applied because the most weed control is gained by maintaining a dense turf canopy. If the lawn is reasonably dense entering the spring growing season, crab- grass pressure (and that of any other spring germinating weed) i,s minimal. It is still feasible to use a standard preemergent (PRE) herbicide (a product that controls germinating plant seed- lings), but it is unlikely.your lawn will be swamped with weeds. If your turf stand is' very sparse, then it is almost guaranteed that you will have significant weed pressure. So there is now a decision to be made - do you apply a PRE herbicide to control weeds OR do you apply new grass seed to fill in the .gaps. It is. very important to understand that for most standard PRE herbicides available to homeowners, there is no selectivity in control bet- ween weed or grass seed. The only exception in a PRE herb- icide that can be applied for crabgrass cortrol at seeding of cool-season grasses is Tupersan (siduron). Crabgrass can also be controlled with a specific early postemergent (POST) herbicide such as Drive (quinclorac), and this product has safety on sev- eral cool- and warm-season grasses. Many of these ap- proaches are best left (and some- times they are only available) to professional lawn care operators. Remember - the label is the law when it comes to pesticides. This protects you, the environment, and your lawn. What PRE herbicides are readily available to home- owners? There are many trade names of products on the market, so while it takes a little extra effort to look for the complicated common chemical names, it's the safest way to identify the product you are looking for. The following chemicals can most often be found at stores that deal with specialty products for lawns and landscapes, and at least a few of them will likely be available at your big-box retailers. A recent survey of both specialty lawn and garden centers and big box retailers indicated these active ingredients were available: benefm, benefin + trifluralin, dithiopyr, pendimethalin, and of these prodiamine. Many products are formulated on a fertilizer carrier that supplies spring fertility as well. Using them according to label direc- tions should supply the neces- sary level of active ingredient for weed control, and provide all the fertilizer the grass needs for spring greening. There is also an organic PRE crabgrass control product on the market as well: corn gluten meal (CGM). CGM works by releasing a protein that slows development of weed seedling roots leaving seedlings vulnerable to drought. Timing of Pro applications? Mother Nature provides a valuable visual tool in the landscape that typically allows us to optimize the timing of PRE herbicides for homeowners: the forsythia. Its blooming can never be taken as an absolute signal of pending crabgrass emergence as Mother Nature is not perfect. However, it works in most years and Dr. Askew's research has found that the time when for- sythia starts to drop its blooms is when PRE herbicides need to be in place in order to achieve opti- mum crabgrass control. Don't be alarmed if your lawn care operator has applied earlier in the season; this is simply be- cause with the number of lawns they have to treat, there is no way all applications can be made according to forsythia bloom The standard PRE herbicides they are using have soil activity for 6-8 weeks that will address a broad window of crabgrass germination potential. Having the PRE products in place en- sures no escapes in crabgrass control by missing the appro- priate application timing. Post-treatment considera- tions? One thing required for all PRE herbicide applications is to water the product into the soil with either a suitable rainfall or irrigation event. The only way the product works is if it gets into the top of the soil PrOfile to MARKET. CORNER NEWS Clinch River Farmers Market Saturday, April 13, 10am-12pm Check out a good Selection of produce. Also at the market you will find brown eggs, lamb, beef, honey, jams, jellies, baked goods, breads and much much more. Come be surprised at the large selection of farm fresh produce available. Missy Lee of AmeriGroup will conduct a workshop on healthy eating and distribute handouts on healthy lifestyles. In addition to farm produce the market features an array of craft items including note cards, jewelry, crocheted items, aprons, pictures, etc. The Clinch River Farmers Market Cookbook will be available. The Market opens for the season May 4, 8:00 am. We are certified to accept EBT, debit cards and Spr.k,r Citizen coupons. Support your local farmers and trailers mad enjoy a free cup of coffee at the Clinch River Farmers Market. form a chemical barrier that germinating seedlings penetrate. Appropriate moisture is critical to optimize herbicide efficacy. And remember to keep all pro- ducts on the turf and off hardscapes. This is the easiest way to protect our water re- sources. Special thanks to Dr. Mike Goatley and Dr. Shawn Askew for their recommendations in controlling Crabgrass. Donna Meade - Family and Consumer Sciences Healthy Seasonal Cooking during the Spring Onions, asparagus, straw- berries, rhubarb, garlic and spin- ach are some vegetables to look forward to this spring. It's hard to imagine cooking without onions. Finding a beef stew recipe without onions is like finding a needle in a hay- stack. Onions belong to the allium family, which also includes leeks, chives, shallots, and garlic. Thanks to farmers markets, we have access to a wide variety of onions, from spring onions to garlic stapes and from red to yellow to white. Spring onions can be purchased early in the growing season. These are harvested before they have the chance to form a bulb. Spring onions have a higher moisture content and should be refrigerated. They can be used in the same manner as scallions. Garlic stapes are a new item at farmers markets. For the garlic plant to produce a larger clove, the flower bud, or scape, must be removed before it flowers. Although scapes have a garlic flavor, they are milder. Red Onions contain a water- soluble pigment, anthocyanin, which is lost during cooking. White onions tend to have a higher moisture content than yellow onions. Yellow onions generally have the lowest moisture content and are a good onion for storing. Sauteed Spinach with Red Onion and Bacon Serves 2 Ingredients: 1 strip bacon, cup thinly sliced red onion, 2 cloves garlic, minced 1 bag (10-ounce) fresh spinach Directions: Cook bacon in a large nonstick skillet or Dutch oven over medium high heat. Remove bacon and set aside. Add onion and cook, stirring, until beginning to soften, about 1 minute. Add garlic and cook, stirring until fragrant, about 30 seconds more. Add spinach and cook, stirring until just wilted, about 2 minutes. Place on a serving dish and top with bacon. Serve immediately. Note: The sturdier texture of mature spinach stands up better to saut6ing than baby spinach. Green Onion Cornbread Serves 10 Ingredients: Nonstick vege- table oil spray IA cup (1/2 stick) butter, 1 cup sliced green onions, 2 cups yellow cornmeal, 1 cup all purpose flour, cup sugar, 4 teaspoons baking powder, teaspoon salt, 1 cups butter- milk, 2 large eggs beaten to blend. Directions: Preheat oven to 400F. Lightly spray a 13x9x2 inch metal baking pan with nonstick spray. Melt butter in medium skillet over medium heat. Add green onions (green and white parts), and saute' until beginning to soften, about 3 minutes. Cool. Whisk cornmeal, flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt in medium bowl to blend. Add onion-butter mixture, buttermilk and eggs; stir until just combined. Transfer batter to prepared pan. Bake corn bread until edges are lightly browned and toothpick inserted into center comes out clean, about 20 minutes. Cool completely. Can be prepared 1 day ahead. Wrap tightly in foil and store at room temperature. '1 Deadline for If classifieds : is Tuesday noon! ! Adult Education Connection by Karen Gent I Pluggedln 'VA Software Quality Assurance began on October 1, 2012 and will run through May 7, 2013. The co- hort meets onthe main campus of Southwest Virginia Com- munity College (SWCC) three days each week. Pluggedln VA is a curri- culum framework that seeks to provide motivated adult learn- ers with a contextualized GED program integrated with tech- nical training as a means to develop essential workplace soft skills, which includes busi- ness etiquette. The text studied by the class is The Etiquette Advantage in Business, 2 na Edi- tion written by etiquette experts Peggy Post and Peter Post. The Posts points out, "As today's workplace becomes increasingly competitive, know- ing how to behave can make the difference between getting ahead and getting behind." In this book, the Posts explain how to handle both everyday and unusual situations that are essential to both professional -and personal success. The business etiquette book includes chapters that cover a plethora of topics including proper dress and grooming for the workplace. As a ject, Pluggedln VA participants are given a business clothing allowance and commissioned to shop for proper business attire. Students then complete the as- signment by giving a present- ation before their class to show how the money was spent and how the clothing can be worn for different orofessional oc- casions. The software quality assurance students gave their presentations on March 3, 2013 in Davis Hall. Sherry Reynolds, a software quality assurance student, com- mented, "Our clothing allow- ance was a wonderful surprise and helped me out tremend- ously since I recently received a job and needed the clothing more than you can image." Another student, Amy Church, remarked, "It really helped me to receive the clothing allow- ance. I had not been able to go shopping in a long time because I LaQueta Shepherd ! Doris Howell my husband had lost his job and we had a brand new baby. So, whatever extra money we had was spent on our child." As a business etiquette in- structor, I always look forward to this special project. It is amazing to see what the stu- dents are able to purchase with the $150 cash that each is given. Every student leaves the program equipped with the attire needed to dress for suc- cess when going to a job interview or entering the work- place. Throughout the program, students work toward devel- oping effective communication skills, and their new clothing helps to give them confidence in many different situations. For more information about Pluggedln VA programs in the region, contact Southwest Regional Adult Education at 866-581-9935. GED is a registered trade- mark of the American Council on Education. Used under license. "1 CVTimes Deadlines: Editorial copy birthdays, anniversaries, press releases, calendar items, weddirigs, etc.) 4 p.m. Monday Advertising (classified and display) 12 noon Tuesday I GAS SAVER Stock # 17160 2013 Chevrolet Spark automatic, air, mileage 37 est MPG, techno pink, 1LS package Our price $13,495 I II MORGAN- McCLURE Morgan McClure Castlewood US HWY 58 Castlewood, VA (276) 762-2311 Visit us at (Castlewood) 13MI::: I CHEVY