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Clinch Valley Times
St. Paul , Virginia
April 7, 2016     Clinch Valley Times
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April 7, 2016

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CLINCH VALLEY TIMES St. Paul, Va. Thursday, April 7, 2016 Page 5 Guaranteed loan program FSA guaranteed loans allow lenders to provide agricultural credit to farmers who do not meet the lender's normal underwriting criteria. Farmers and ranchers apply for a guaranteed loan through a lender, and the lender arranges for the guarantee. FSA can guarantee up to 95 percent of the loss of principal and interest on a loan. Guaranteed loans can be used for both farm ownership and operating purposes. Guaranteed farm ownership loans can be used to purchase farmland, construct or repair buildings, develop farmland to promote soil and water conservation or to refi- nance debt. Guaranteed operating loans can be used to purchase livestock, farm equipment, feed, seed, fuel, farm chemicals, insurance and other operating expenses. FSA can guarantee farm ownership and operating loans up to $1,399,000. Repayment terms vary depending on the type of loan, collateral and the producer's ability to repay the loan. Operating loans are normally repaid within seven years and farm ownership loans are not to exceed 40 years. Please contact your lender or local FSA farm loan office for more information on guaranteed loans. Russell County Extension News The Russell County Unit of the Virginia Tech and Virginia State Extension Division presents this week's Extension News. Extension Calendar of Events: April 11 VQA Heifer Take-up Tri-State Market - Abingdon, VA April 21 Russell County Cattlemen's Association Evening with Dr. John Currin - VT Vet School If you need information about any of the listed events, please call the Extension Office at (276) 889-8056. SCOTT JESSEE - AGRICULTURE March VQA Feeder Calf Sale (Part 1) The latest Virginia Quality Assured Calf Sale was held on Monday, March 28th at 6:00 pm on the Virginia Cattlemen's Tel-O-Auction. 1,229 calves sold as 15.5 loads. The VQA Calves sold comparable to (if not exceeded the price of) calves sold in Oklahoma City (the same day). Listed below are the average weights per load and the sales prices ($ / Cwt): STEERS: 490# - $192.00.; 550# - $200.00; 610# - $196.50; 645# - $188.50; 685# - $175.00; 725# - $167.00; 765# - $157.50; 835# - $150.50 HEIFERS: 475# - $161.50; 525# - $171.50; 585# - $173.50; 620# - $169.00, 650# - $165.00; 680# -$149.50; 715# - $145.50; 745# - $143.50; 825# - $139.50 The next VQA Feeder Calf Sale will be held on July llth on the Virginia Cattlemen's Tel-O-Auction. To be eligible, calves must be weaned by June 4th. Last day for vaccinations is July 4th. For more information about the VQA Program or to consign calves, please contact the Extension Office (889-8056). CRABGRASS '-- A REAL PAIN IN THE GRASS! Crabgrass (Digitaria sp.) is the number one weed in lawns and the best time to treat is usually before it is seen.. As days get longer in late winter/early spring and soil temperatures warm, crabgrass seed are primed for germination. When soil temperatures reach 55 degrees F for 2 to 3 days, germination is possible and can continue throughout the spring and summer. No matter how well crabgrass has been controlled in previous years, there is still a tremendous seed bank in the soil and any weak spots in the lawn are likely sites to be invaded by this fast growing summer annual. Crabgrass' rapid emergence and extremely fast growth rate allow it to get a jump start on both cool and warm-season grasses alike. Since crabgrass is a warm-season grass, it is particularly competitive against cool-season grasses (fescues,i bluegrasses, ryegrasses etc.). Given that it is such a tough competitor, what are the best management practices to battle this pest? A thick, healthy turf is the best method of crabgrass control. Crabgrass requires sunlight to germinate, a requirement that we can use to our advantage in the lawn. Dr. Shawn Askew, Extension Turfgrass Weed Scientist, advocates that the lawn itself controls far more weeds than any chemical ever applied because the most weed control is gained by maintaining a dense turf canopy. If the lawn is reason- ably dense entering the spring growing season, crabgrass pressure (and that of any other spring germinating weed) is minimal. It is still feasible to use a standard pre- emergent (PRE) herbicide (a product that controls germinating plant seedlings), but it is unlikely your lawn will be swamped with weeds. If your turf stand is very sparse, then it is almost guaranteed that you will have significant weed pressure. So there is now a decision to be made--do you apply a PRE herbicide to control weeds OR do you apply new grass seed to fill in the gaps. It is very important to understand that for most standard PRE herbicides available to hOmeowners, there is no selectivity in control between weed or grass seed. The only exception in a PRE herbicide that can be applied for crabgrass control at seed- ing of cool-season grasses is Tupersan (siduron). Crabgrass can also be controlled with a specific early postemergent (POST) herbicide such as Drive (quinclorac), and this product has safety on several co01- and warm-season grasses. Many of these approaches are best left (and sometimes they are only available) to profes- sional lawn care operators. Remember - the label is the law when it comes to pes- ticides. This protects you, the environment, and your lawn. What PRE herbicides are readily available to homeowners? There are many trade names of products on the market, so while it takes a little extra effort to look for the complicated common chemical names, it's the safest way to identify the product you are looking for. The following chemicals can most often be found at stores that deal with specialty products for lawns and landscape~, and at least a few of them will likely be available at your big-box retailers. A recent survey of both specialty lawn and garden centers and big box retailers indicated these active ingredients were available: benefin, benefin + trifluralin, dithiopyr, pendimethalin, and prodiamine. Many of these products are formulated on a fertilizer carrier that supplies spring fertility as well. Using them according to label directions should supply the necessary level of active ingredient for weed control, and provide all the fertilizer the grass needs for spring greening. There is also an organic PRE crabgrass control product on the market as well: Corn gluten meal (CGM). CGM works by releasing a protein that slows development of weed seedling roots leav- ing seedlings Vulnerable to drought. Timing of PRE applications? Mother Nature provides valuable visual tool in the landscape that typically allows us to optimize the timing of PRE herbicides for homeowners: the forsythia. Its blooming can never be taken as an absolute signal of pending crabgrass emergence as Mother Nature is not perfect. However, it works in most years and Dr. Askew's research has found that the time when for- . sythia starts to drop its blooms is when PRE herbicides need to be in place in order to achieve optimum crabgrass control. Don't be alarmed if your lawn care opera- tor has applied earlier in the season; this is simply because with the number of lawns they have to treat, there is no way all applications can be made according to forsythia bloom. The standard PRE herbicides they are using have soil activity for 6-8 weeks that will address a broad window of crabgrass germination potential. Having the PRE products in place ensures no escapes in crabgrass control by miss- ing the appropriate application timing. Post-treatment considerations? One thing required for all PRE herbicide appli- cations is to water the product into the soil with either a suitable rainfall or irriga- tion event. The only way the product works is if it gets into the top of the soil pro- file to form a chemical barrier that germinating seedlings penetrate. Appropriate moisture is critical to optimize herbicide efficacy. And remember to keep all prod- ucts on the turf and off hardscapes. This is the easiest way to protect our water resources. Special Thanks to Dr. Mike Goatley and Dr. Shawn Askew for their recom- mendations in controlling, CRABGRASS. The Russell County Extension Unit -- Cornelia Estep, Scott Jessee, Donna Meade and Bill Worrell -- is located on 135 Highlands Drive, Lebanon, VA. Check out the Virginia Cooperative Extension Website at Frontier Health Post Adoption Services donates adoption books to local schools Receiving books from Post Adoption Services: Jody Evans, Principal at St. Paul Elementary Frontier Health Post Adoption Services are nearly finished donating a set of six books on adop- tion to each primary, ele- mentary, and middle school library in Lee, Scott, and Wise Counties and City of Norton. "These books are a great resource for the chil- dren to check out in their libraries at school to take home and read with par- ents," said Rachel Townsend, Post Adoption Services coordinator. One book, "How I Was Adopted" by Joanna Cole, tells about the joyful story of a little girl named Sam. Her story is completely her own, yet common to mil- lions of families. Like most stories, hers is about love. Sam's story comes full cir- cle, inviting young readers to share the stories of how they were adopted, "Discovering Me" by Betsy Trainor is about the journey of adoption and forever families, and how new families come togeth- er each and every day around the world. Frontier Health's Post Adoption Services Program hosts a support group on the first Thursday of each month at 5:30 p.m. at Addington Hall in Duffield, Va. The support Frontier Health services group is open to parents, in Lee, Scott and Wise professionals and anyone counties and the city of who works with foster or Norton are funded in part- adopted children,nership with Planning Participants are connected District One Behavioral to community resourcesHealth Services. Frontier and receive training, sup- Health is the region's lead- port and information on ing provider of behavioral being an effective foster or , health, mental health, sub- adoptive parent, stance abuse, co-occurring, If you would like to recovery and vocational become a foster parent, or rehabilitation, and devel- more information about the opmental disabilities ser- program, call Jon Holmes vices. For information, at (276)-431-4370 Every v i s i t child needs someone cares ! vice-guide.php. If you've quit reading due to MACULAR DEGENERATION Special low vision glasses may help you enjoy reading again. Call for a FREE phon~ consultation with Dr, Armstrong, Optometrist Offices in: Roanoke, Hartisonburg, Wythevilte, Virginia Deadlines: Editorial copy: 3 p.m. Monday Advertising: 12 noon Monday Home of no Documentation Fees Extra Discounts on... 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