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Clinch Valley Times
St. Paul , Virginia
February 12, 2009     Clinch Valley Times
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February 12, 2009

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Page 8 CLINCH VALLEY TIMES, St. Paul, VA, Thursday, February 12, 2009 Russell County Provided by the Russell County Extension Office : Your Russell County Unit of the Virginia Tech and Virginia State Extension Division-- Cornelia Estep, Scott Jessee, Donna Meade and Bill Worrell presents this week's Extension News. Our office is located on 131 East Main Street, Lebanon, " VA. Check out our Virginia Tech Public Website Address: Extension Calendar of Events: February 11-12:200..9 Vir- ginia Beef Industry and State Dairy Convention, The Hotel Roanoke; February 24: Corn Produc- tion Meeting; February 28: 4-H Stock- man's Southwest District Con- test, Washington County Fair- grounds; March 2: Abingdon Feeder Cattle Association, Annual Me- eting, Washington County Fair- grounds; March 5: Russell County Cattlemen - Vocational School Dr. Dee Whittier, Assisting during Calving. If you need information about any of the listed events, please call the Extension Office at (276) 889-8056. Scott Jessee - Agriculture Red Clover, Red Clover- Why don't you come over? Seeding legumes into poor producing or grass-dominated pastures by broadcasting seed is certainly nothing new. Many of us can remember our elders discussing broadcasting clover in the "dark of the moon" in February. Over-seeding clover has several benefits: it can improve overall forage quality, increase yields and produce nitrogen. Improved Quality: On grass stands with little clover, estab- lishing clover will increase overall forage palatability, intake and digestibility. It also impro- ves nutrient content and animal performance. Research has shown that by introducing leg- umes, producers can improve animal growth, milk production, and reproductive efficiency. Increased Yields: By estab- lishing legumes, the total yield of forage per acres is likely to be increased. A research trial in Kentucky compared dry matter yield using both commercial nitrogen and nitrogen "fixed" by red clover. The rescue plots with red clover produced more dry matter than the plots that received t80 units of corn- Unit's Extension news mercial nitrogen per acre. Nitrogen Production: Leg- umes (clover and alfalfa) have the ability to take nitrogen from the atmosphere and convert it to plant usable farms. This nitrogen can be used by the legumes or by the neighboring grasses. Leg- umes will generate more nitro- gen (pounds and dollars) than their associated costs of seeding. Tips for Successful Estab- lishment: Red Clover is the best choice for hayfields. Over-seed with 2- 6#/Acre. Make hay as early as possible (reduce competition of larger species). Ladino (giant white) Clover is the best choice for pastures. Over-seed with 1-2#/Acre. Graze the over-seeded area when seedlings begin to get shaded. Don't graze so close that seedlings are removed. Freezing and thawing of the soils helps to cover the seed. Leaving livestock on the area to tread in the seed helps. Clover can be effectively broadcast with hand spreaders. Try to seed when the wind is not blowing because the seeds will fly further in each direction. Clovers can be effectively broadcast by using 4-wheeler and tractors spreaders. Be careful! Ground that has been frozen can quickly get slick. Donna Meade - Family and Consumer Science Cleaning Out the Cupboard Got cabin fever? This might be a good time to check the labels on those necessary kitchen staples. How long should you keep kitchen staples? Some products have "use by" or "best by" dates. Others are coded. If a product does not contain a date, you can use a permanent marker to write the date you purchased the product. Ten-year-old spices may be safe but aren't likely to have much "spice" left. Five-year-old bak- ing powder isn't likely to have much "rising power." Two-year- old shortening is likely to smell bad (and ruin that tasty chocolate cake you created for a special occasion.) Baking powder and baking soda remain fresh for 12 to 18 months. When baking soda loses its fizz, it can be used as an odor catcher in the refrigerator. Ground spices and herbs keep fresh for one year; whole spices keep for two years. To determine if a ground spice is usable give it the sniff test. If its aroma is immediate, strong and and Calling all craftspeople agricultural producers! An "Artisan Trail" that showcases locally made arts, crafts, farm based products and creative points of interest in Southwest Virginia is currently being developed! This tourism/economic dev- elopment initiative will be marketed through a creative, high-end brochure directing visitors to Southwest Virginia's makers and producers of the handmade and homegrown. The trail will connect buyers who value quality and authenticity with the artisan and agricultural heritage of the region. Unique dining and lodging establishments are also encouraged to participate. Interested parties should contact Sarah Darpli Romeo for more information at 276-963- 4993 or at To learn more about 'Round the Mountain', visit: LII spicy, it will still add flavor to your foods. Break or crush whole spices to determine their freshness. Caution: avoid smell- ing pepper or chili powder. White flour will keep fresh for 6 to 12 months in a cool, dry place when stored in an airtight container. Excess or low humidity will influence the outcome of a recipe. Whole wheat flour will keep one to three months at room temperature. For longer storage, refrigerate flour or freeze it. Use brown sugar within 4 to 6 months for maximum flavor. Store it in an airtight container to prevent its drying out and becoming hard. (If it's hard as a rock and you don't have time to soften it with a piece of bread in the container - try heating it in a 250F oven for a few minutes. As soon as it is soft, measure the amount you need. Warning: the sugar will be very hot. When it cools, it will become hard again.) Granulated white sugar will keep indefinitely if stored in an airtight container. Shortening generally keeps 3 to 8 months when opened and 8 to 12 months unopened. Extend the shelf life of shortening by refrigerating it. As shortening ages it becomes rancid and develops an undesirable taste and odor. If it has a strong odor, discard it. The shelf life of vegetable oil varies according to the type of oil and method of processing. A general guideline is one to six months opened and six to twelve months unopened. Like shortening, oil can go rancid - smell it to determine if it is still usable. You can keep oils longer by storing them in the refrigerator. Some oils may become cloudy or begin to solidify in the " refrigerator but will usually clear after sitting at room temperature to warm up. Vinegar keeps well because of its acidity. White vinegar will keep longer than other types of vinegar. A general guideline is to keep vinegar no longer than two years unopened and one year opened, If you found outdated foods in your cupboard, consider buying smaller containers next time. Practice fu'st in, first out. Place older containers of the same food in front so you reach and use them first. Keep track of the age of a container by writing on the container the month and year you purchased the food,=. EMERGENCY? Dial 911 Adult Education Connection by Karen Gent Rita Keen, of Lebanon, Virginia, currently serves as the Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Program Coordinator for People, Inc. of Virginia. Rita assists women and children who are victims of domestic vio- lence and sexual assault. Rita believes that her education, employment history, and life experiences have prepared her for this role. Rita has ex- perienced success in the work- force, even though her own journey has not been without its challenges. Rita Keen grew up in a family of six children. In 1970 when her dad became disabled Rita quit high school to go to work. Rita moved to North Carolina where she found employment in furniture and hosiery mills. Rita recalls that she made $1.65 an hour in her first public job. In 1973, Rita married and soon began raising her own family. Due to difficulties in her marriage, Rita moved back to Russell County for a time. In 1976, while living in Russell County, Rita's younger sister, who also had not completed high school, called her one day and suggested that they both try to earn their GED certificates. Rita remembers that they re- gistered to take the GED Tests and both she and her sister passed the complete battery of tests on their first attempts. In 1978, Rita and her children retumed to North Carolina, and she once again worked in a furniture factory. Rita says that she floated from one factory to another just learning the business. Rita became an upholsterer, and she explains that female uphol- sterers were rare at the time. Rita excelled in her work and became a leader in that industry. MOTORISTS: Stop for Pedestrians in the Library Crosswalk-- It's the law! She attributes her success to the good work ethic that her father instilled in her. Rita quotes her father by saying, "Do the best job you can possibly do. If it is digging a ditch, do the best job you can do." Again due to martial con- flict, Rita returned to Russell County where she could be near family and have the support that she needed in her difficult situation. She divorced in 1986 and became a single mother. Rita recalls that she looked for work but couldn't find a job Rita Kee that paid well enough to support her family. She ended up receiving public assistance for a short time. Rita says, "I was happy that public assistance was there for me and my family during this difficult time, but it was not where I wanted to stay. I was determined to get enough education to be self-support- ing." Rita recalls the day her sister, who was an LPN (lic- ensed practical nurse), phoned her to invite her on a visit to Southwest Virginia Community College. Rita laughs and says that her sister was on her way to becoming an RN and that she walked out a student at SVCC. In two years, Rita graduated from SVCC with an Associate's Degree in Administration of Justice with a. specialization in public service technology. In 1989, with her new: degree in hand, Rita secured a job at the Lebanon Community Correctional Center where she was employed for 7 years. After a battle with fibro- myalgia, Rita worked for a short time in a nursing home, which, she expresses, was a very educational experience that she is glad she had. In 1997, Rita was hired by People Inc., as manager of a domestic violence shelter and later attained the position she currently holds as program coordinator. Rita say that she has always been a 'ghter for social justices, so tL job is a perfect fit for her. She believes in lifelong learning and says that she continues to receive training that will help her to do her job better. Rita says that earning her GED was an integral part of her success. Attaining her high school credential made her realize that she had potential, self-worth, and intelligence. It enabled her to go to college when the opportunity presented itself, and gave her the ability to get the kind of jobs she desired. Rita is a firm believer in the benefits of the GED; she proudly states that three out of four of her own children have acquired their GED certificates! If you didn't complete high school, contact Southwest Regional Adult Education at 889-5424, or call toll-free at 1- 866-581-9935, You could be the next GED success story! SAVE UP TO 50% w., OFF YOUR NEXT HEATING BILL! 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