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Clinch Valley Times
St. Paul , Virginia
January 27, 2011     Clinch Valley Times
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January 27, 2011

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P~ge $ CLINCH VALLE\ TI,ME5, 3t. P,ul, ~A, i'hursday, January 27, 20! 1 Russell County Provided by the Russell County Extension Office Your Russell County Unit of the Virginia Tech and Virginia State Extension Division Corn- elia Estep, Scott Jessee. Donna Meade and Bill Worrell presents this week's Extension News. Our office is located on 131 East Main Street, Lebanon. VA. Cla'e- ck out our Virginia Tech Public Website Adc[reSs: .... Extension Calendar of Events: Feb 1: Well Owners. WaKer Clinic. Russell County Coiaf6r- ence Center 6 to 8pm Feb 10-11: Virginia Cattle- men's Convention. Hotel Roan- oke If you need information abou! any of the listed events, please call the Extension Office at (276) 889-8056. Scott Jessee - Agriculture Feeding Cows in Cold Weather The recent period of cold weather has created optimum conditions to travel on the farm With trucks and tractors. Al- though n is easy to travel on frozen ground, cows naturally respond to cold weather wRh' an increase in feed intake. To-ef- fectively supplement animals, we have to monitor both forage quality and the outside temp- erature. When the outdoor temp- erature is around 30F, cows will require their normal allotment of hay (which is around 30 pou- nds). When the outdoor temp- erature is around 10K cows need an mcrease in the energy content of their ration of. about 20%. If the hay is of good qual- it@this equates to approximately 3 to 4 pounds of extra hay per head per day. If hay reserves are short, grain or by-product feed can be substituted for extra hay at the rate of 2 to 2.5 pounds per head per day. ,When it is "really cold, it is tempting to feed lower quality forage because cows will eat whatever you carry out. Feeding more of poorly digestible forage will cause an accumulation of relatively indigestible feed com- ponents in the rumen. In most cases, there is too little energy for the bacteria in the rumen to Unit' s Extension news efficiently digest the feed Even though we are feeding extra hay and the cows look full, we have a net decrease in energy intake In order to adequately sup- plement cattle in winter weather, it is necessary to use quality hay and supplement as needed to balance the nutrient content of the hay. An easy place for cold stress to adversely impact cow performance is wintering spring calvers during extended adverse conditions without altering ener- gy content. Cows can slowly lose body condition and calve thinner. Cows calving in thin body condition can have: Lighter birth weight and less vigorous calves Reduced quantity and quality of colostrums Slower return to estrus post-partum Reduced conception rate in a controlled breeding season Nutrient analysis of stored forages is always the foundation of a winter feeding program that can meet cow nutrient needs and be as economical as possible. Although supplying water in cold weather creates its own set of challenges, it is vitally im- portant in maintaining or in- creasing cattle's dry matter intake. Reduced water intake will quickly result in decreased dry matter intake and subsequent performance. When the weather breaks and the snow begins to melt, the mud will return. [t is less clear what effect mud has on a cow's energy requirements, but it is estimated that it can increase the maintenance requirement from 7-30%. Moving feeding areas regularly can reduce the po- tential for mud. Reducing mud has tremendous benefits when calving begins, and it has the added benefit of better spreading of nutrients in the pasture area. If cattle have to deal with mud, their ration should also be improved to help avoid the negative consequences. Donna Meade - Family and Consumer Sciences Who is res ponsible for the safety of your private water supply? Vegetable production and education programs scheduled This series of programming 6:00 p.m. Speakers will include Amy Gail Osborne, Wise Cou- my Extension Agent and Dr. Allen Straw, Extension Spec- ialist/Horticulture (small fruit and specialty crops), Southwest Virginia Agriculture and Re- search Extension Center, Chris Salyers, VDACS, and Gordon Groover, Virginia Tech Exten- sion Specialist, Agricultural Economics. Pre-registration is preferred so that adequate seating and handouts will be available for each workshop. All workshops are free and open to the public. To pre-register call Amy Gail Osborne at the Wise County Ex- tension Office (276-328-6194). January 3 l: Varieties Update & Bulk Seed Order, Dr. Allen Straw and Amy Gaff Osborne; February 7: Fertility & Soil Improvement, Dr. Allen Straw; February 15: Planning Your Season (hoop houses & high will strive to bring growers together and plan their season for the coming year. The goal of this programming is to answer grower questions from pesticide usage to plant varieties and far- mers' market vendor questions on taxes and regulations. The program also includes a work- shop for backvard growers that will have a component on how to become a vendor at a farmers' market. The program will also attempt to start a bulk seed order to allow for cheaper purchase rate and better seed quality. In addition, programs on how to comply with VDACS regula- tions, food product ideas and direct marketing taxes will be held. The workshops will be held at the old Hotel Norton on Park Avenue in Norton (across the street from Coalfield Progress). Each workshop will begin at Over one million homes in Virginia rely on private wells, springs or cisterns. Groundwater contamination is a common con- cern for residents using a private water supply. Unlike homes served by .public water, home- owners using a private water supply are responsible for all aspects of water system mana- gement, including rout~oe main- tenance, regular watei:~ testing, interpretation of test results, and addressing water quantity or quality problems. All private water system owners should take the time to make sure their systems are working correctly and ensure that their water is safe to drink. A clean, reliable source of water is not only essential for the health of your family, but also for maintaining property value. Preventative wa- ter testing and system mainten- ance are usually less expensive than waiting until a serious pro- blem arises with your drinking water supply. Protect yourself and your family by having your water tested, and inspect your water system every year. The goal- of the Virginia Household Water Quality Pro- gram is to ~mprove the water quality of Virginians with pri- vate water supplies, such as wells, springs and cisterns. Drinking Water Clinics are being held in counties across the state to give people with private water systems access to affordable water testing, help interpreting their water test results, and infor- mation about possible treatment options. A drinking water clinic will be held in Russell, Tazewell and Smyth Counties beginning with a kick-off meeting at the fol- lowing times and places: Feb 1, 6 pm Russell County Conference Center Feb 1, 6 pm Fuller Perry Bldg, Tazewell Co. Fairgrounds Jan 31, 6:30 pm Chilhowie United Methodist Church Please call for more infor- mation and to register: Russell Co. 276-889-8056; Tazewell Co. 276-988-0405: Smyth Co. 276-783-5175. farmers' market tunnels), Dr. Allen Straw; February 21 : Major Vege- table Diseases & Control, Dr. Allen Straw; February 28: Major Vege- table Insects & Control, Dr. Allen Straw; March 7: Direct Marketing Taxes & Farm Economics, Gordon Groover; March 14: VDACS Regu- lations: Food Products, Meats. Eggs & Dairy Products. Chris Salyers; March 21: Backyard Grow- ers. Amy Gall Osborne In case of workshop cancel- lations due to snow ..those who are registered will be called. If you are a person with a disability and require any auxiliary aids. services, or other accommodations for these workshops, please identify your needs to .your local Extension Office (328-6194) at least five days prior to the event. Dominion declares quarterly dividend of 49.25 cents The board of directors of Dominion (NYSE:D) has declare-ed a quarterly dividend of 49.25 cents per share of common stock Dividends are payable on March 20. 2011. to shareholders of record May 4, 2011. This is the 332"a consecutive dividend that Dominion or its predecessor company has paid holders of common stock. The company's last quarterly divid- end was declared October 22, 2010. The board of directors of Virginia Electric and Power Company, a subsidiary of Dom- inion, also declared regular quar- terly dividends at the prescribed rates on each of its series of pre- ferred stock. Preferred dividends on the company's fixed-rate preferred stock are payable March 20, 2011, to holders of r~cord at the close of business March 4, 2011. A VDOT Tip for Driving in Snowy Weather Keep an emergency winter driving kit in your car. The kit should include a small bag of rock salt, sand or cat litter to provide traction in case you gel stuck; a snow brush and ice scraper; flashlight; battery bo- oster cables; and a blanket and extra clothing. Adult Education Connection by Karen Gent The GED Science Test "'measures the major and lasting expected outcomes of a sound. well-rounded high school edu- cation." according to The Of- ficial GED Practice Test Ad- ministrator's Manual. "These outcomes include the ac- quisition of a broad knowledge base and the ability to use a range of reasoning skills." GED learners do not study a particular scientific subject in depth, nor do they conduct lab- oratory experiments as in a traditional science class. Con- sequently, the objective of the GED science content standards is to assure that learners who earn the GED are scientifically literate and can recognize and apply scientific con, cept and methodologies to everyday life. The GED Science Test assesses the learner's under- standing of basic concepts and principles. The test consists of 50 multiple-choice questions drawn from three categories: Earth and Space Sci- ence (20%) Life Science (45%) Physical Science (phy- sics and chemistry) (35%) The questions include pass- ages and graphic-based ma:er- ials,_ such as charts, g:aphs, tables, and diagrams. The questions require the learner to use information to analyze and solve problems, apply informa- tion to ~,new situations, explain results, and interpret informa- tion. This process IS frequently referred to as the scientific method or inquiry-based learn- ing. The thought processes involved in scientific inquiry apply to the everyday life of the adult learner. Teachers and learners, together, identify ques- tions about the world around them and use the process to answer those questions. Learning to approach questions and solving problems in this manner is integral to acquiring the skills to be successful on the GED and for lifelong learning. Students and teachers may find a way to organize their learning and teaching by exam- ining unifying concepts that cross the boundaries between disciplines, such as social sci- ences, health, math, and sci- ence. In addition, by research- ing and communicating about current issues that bombard us with dilemmas and dec;sions based in science and v ,nol- ogy, the GED CUiTiculu,, can incorporate scientific know- ledge and ways of thinking into contexts that are engaging and that immediately impact adult learners. To prepare for the GED Tests. contact Southwest Re- gional Adult Education at 889- 5424, or call toll-free at 1-866- 581-9935. Classes are offered free of charge and at convenient times and locations throughout the region. (This information comes from the Virginia Department of Education Office of Adult Education and Literacy.) ~-i-a-ssified advertising 762-7671 1 III Illl I I I There are few things more adorable than a cute, cuddly puppy. But all puppies grow...and some grow a tot. Dogs have different exercise, grooming, nutrition, and vet care needs. So before you bring a puppy home, make sure you take the time to research the right breed for your lifesty!e.Think before you add a puppy to your family, It's important to use your head. not just your heart. Remember, owning a dog is a lifetime commitment. Visit to learn more about finding the right breed for you.