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Clinch Valley Times
St. Paul , Virginia
January 16, 2014     Clinch Valley Times
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January 16, 2014

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Page 2 CLINCH VALLEY TIMES St. Paul, Va. Thursday, Jan. 16, 2014 Of shoes..and ships..and sealing wax.. Reprinted from January 8, 2004 Just after New Year's Day, I received an interesting e-mail commemorating the year which had .just con- cluded by looking way, way back at howthings were in this country in 1903. Thinking it would be interesting to take it a step farther, I did a little Interact research and got as many up-to-date facts and/or figures as I could find. For example, the e-mail revealed that the average life expectancy in the U.S. in 1903 was 47. I found that a combination of better medicine, medical practices, sanitation, safety and who knows what else have extended that figure so that now, the average life expectancy for men is.73.2, and for women, 79.8, for an average of the two of 76.5. A 62 percent increase isn't bad! A three-minute telephone call from Denver to New York City cost $11 in those days -- and remember that very few families had phones with which to make that call! According to one television commercial that seems to air fifty times a day, the same call can be made today, using THAT 10-10-whatever long distance service, for forty-eight cents. In 1903, there were only 8,000 cars in the United States, and only -- get this -- only 144 miles of paved roads! Today there are over 150 million cars, and while I couldn't f'md how many miles of paved roads we have today, ! did come up with the fact that we spent around $126 billion ($125,725,878,641.02 to be precise) on highways in the U.S. during 2002. That's a lot of black- topI Another interesting fact about 100 years ago is that Alabama, Mississippi, Iowa and Tennessee each had higher populations than California, which, at the time, had 1.4 million residents. The 2000 census, in contrast, counted 33.9 million in California. Another interesting population detail on the list was that in 1903, Las Vegas, Nevada, not more than a wide spot in the road at the time, contained all of 30 people. In 2002, Las Vegas boasted 508,604 people, with who- knows-how-many-more thousands of tourists are in and out of the city daily. In 1903, the tallest structure in the world was the Eiffel Tower. When I set about to fend the tallest struc- ture (not necessarily the tallest building, but the tallest structure) in the world today, I was amazed to learn that it's the Canadian National Tower in Toronto, of which I had never before been aware. At 1,815 feet; it tops everything else. (The tallest buildings are the two Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumper, Malaysia, at 1,483 feet each. A building whose construction was scheduled to begin during 2003, "Taipei 101," in Taipei, Taiwan, will be 1,676 feet tall, according to a site I found on the Intemet.) t The averag e wage in the United States 100 years ago was 22 cents an hone  and the average U,S: ,worker made between $200 and $400 per year. According to several web sites I found, today's average wage is $16.23 per hour, and the average annual family income (in 2002) was $30,941. However, a bit of arithmetic shows that if a worker earned $16.23 per hour and worked 40 hours a week for 52 weeks (including two weeks paid vacation), he/she would earn $33,758.40. I by Ann Young Gregory J What a century/ .L guess $30,941 is Close enough, since we're dealing with averages. Of course, it would probably be difficult to fred actual people who earn these "average" amounts, but you get the general idea.) An interesting expansion of the ideas in the above paragraph concerned professional salaries for 1903. I couldn't find the 2003 counterparts, but you can use your imagination. The 1903 salaries include: account- ant--S2,000 per year; dentist--S2,500; veterinarian -- between $1,500-$4,000 a year; and a mechanical engi- neer-S5,000 per year. Physicians weren't mentioned in terms of salary; however, I learned from this inter- esting e-mail that 90 percent of all U.S. physicians in 1903 had no college education. Instead, they attended medical schools, which evidently were not required to adhere to any kind of standards. In other words, many weren't considered to be too good. Of course, general medical knowledge in those days was very limited, too. All of that information probably explains why. In 1903, the five leading causes of death were 1) pneumonia and influenza; 2) tuberculosis; 3) diarrhea; 4) heart disease; and 5) stroke. I looked at several web- sites, and two agreed that the leading causes of death today are 1) heart disease; 2) cancer; 3) stroke; 4) chronic pulmonary disease; and 5) accidents One of the more whimsical notations was that cross- word puzzles, canned beer and iced tea hadn't been invented in 1903. I learned that, indeed, while cross- word puzzles and canned beer didn't appear on the scene in the United States until 1913 and 1935, respec- tively, iced tea was a staple in 19th century punch, and an 1839 cookbook Housekeeping in Old Virginia, included a recipe for sweetened iced tea! Neither Mother's Day nor Father's Day existed in 1903. Mother's Day, first suggested by Julia Ward Howe in 1872, and later -- and more effectively -- by Anna Jarvis of Grafton, West Virginia, in 1907, was first observed in Philadelphia in 1907 or 1908, and was declared a national observance by President Woodrow Wilson in 1914, Father's Day, the brainchild of Sonora Dodd, a Washington resident, was first observed in Spokane in June, 1910. It's popularity spread, and the day was observed as a state-recognized holiday throughout the country, but wasn't declared a national observance until President Lyndon Baines Johnson so proclaimed it in 1966! There isn't room for all the rest, but one of my favorites was the information that eighteen percent of all households in the U.S. had at least one full-time ser- vant -- I think the percentage in this area has definite- ly declined! In a less savory part of our history, only 230 murders were reported throughout the entire coun- try in 1903 -- but keep in mind that communication then wasn't what it is now, and it's probable that news of many violent crimes such as murder wasn't reported .................. :.= : At the conclusion of the list, whoever compiled it Composed the question: "Just think what it will be like in another 100 years." If medical science, safety, etc., etc., continue to improve at the same rate in the coming'100 years as in the last 100, the life span of the average person in 2103 will be 124 years! If that happens, Social Security wi,. definitely need an overhaul! WORK UNDERWAY ... St. Paul Downtown Revitalization continues with this work on the Bailey Hardware building with the front steps and railing being replaced. Another Russell County family displaced by chimney fire Outdoors foundation protects acreage, governor announces RICHMOND Governor Bob McDonnell has announced that the Virginia Outdoors Foundation conserved 56,626 acres of open space in 2013. This is the fourth-great- est year of land conserva- tion for the VOE These acres were protected through nearly 200 conser- vation easements. VOF recorded easements in 62 localities, including a 7,312-acre easement in Halifax County that pro- tects one of the largest con- tiguous private properties in Virginia east of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The property has nearly 10 miles of fro/atage along the headwaters of the John H. Kerr Reservoir, and the Dan, Bannister, and Hyco rivers. Speaking about today's announcement, Governor McDonnell said, "I want to commend the Virginia Outdoors Foundation for their dedication to preserv- ing open space across Virginia for future genera- tions to enjoy. 2013 marked a landmark year for the Foundation as they saw their fourth-largest amount of acres preserved. Over the last four years, the combined efforts of pri- vate landowners and land trusts, together with the Virginia Outdoors Foundation, the Department of Conservation and Recreation, Department of Historic Resources, the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Department of Forestry have worked to protect thousands of acres of the Commonwealth. To assist with future preserva- tion efforts I was pleased to include $4 million in my final budget in addition to the $6 million we previ- ously provided for this important effort."; VOF protected nearly 150,000 acres during the McDonnell Administration. VOF now protects about 725,000 acres across 106 locali- ties-an area nearly the size of Rhode Island. Additionally, during the McDonnell Administration, the Virginia Land Conservation Foundation, administered by DCR, awarded over $4.5 million for matching grants fund- ing 29 projects across the Commonwealth, to con- serve over 4,300 acres. CLINCH VALLEY TIMES ) The Department o/f Historic Resources acquired 75 preservation easements totaling 6,819 acres, of which, 49 ease- ments protected 6,314 acres of Civil War battle- field land. ApproximateIy half of this battlefield la0l was conserved as a resutt of nearly $4 million iri grants through the Ci,il War Sites Preservatioh grant program. Als 9 included is an easement On the historically significant Werowocomoco, the locea "- tion of Paramount Chi Powhatan's village. '  A projected 230,000 acres of land are expected to be permanently protect'- ed during the McDonnell admmlstranon. This pro- jected number includes agreements in process not previously reported. The final tally is expected to be completed in a few week$ "The balance of acres comes from other agencies, private land trusts, and La small number of acrel selectively acquired by the state to add to state parks, natural area preserves, wildlife "management areas, state forests, and hi toric sites," said Virgir" Natural Resources Secretary Dot Domenech. "These acres contribute to the enviro- meat, historic and natu/al resource education, and to the economy through tourism."; "Thanks to tl Governor's support mal continued commitment .of citizens to land conserva- tion, we are making sm' that Virginians will havb unspoiled landscapes and productive farmland and forests for generations tO come," said VOF Chairman Charles H. Seilheimer, Jr., of Orangr.  "Demand for voluntary land conservation remains as strong as ever ih Virginia," added VOF Executive Director BreR Glymph. "The Land Preservation Tax Credit program continues to be the most effective and et cleat tool in the nation for conserving open space.";,., Conservation easements are voluntary agreements between private landowix- ers and a qualified land trust such as VOF that restrict future developme while allowing compatitJ uses such as farmi forestry, and recreati Landowners who don easements can receive s_ and federal tax benefits. :--" DEADLINES: EDITORIAL copy (anniversaries, birthdays, weddings, calendar items, press releases, etc.) 4 p.m. Monday Another family was dis- Materials Coordinator. patched to the and clothing for lhe family. placed by a chimney fire at At approximately 5:00 Mullins/%Vard home while The family has very few 1013 Grassy Creek Road, p.m. Jan. 7, Castlewood they were trying to extin- resources and would appre- Castlewood, Virginia that Fire and Rescue, St. Paul guish the chimney fire ciate any assistance in caused major damage to Volunteer Fire Department, themselves, recovering from losing ADVERTISING the home. Old Dominion Power No injuries were report- their home. (Cl This makes the lath fire Company, Copper Creek ed. For more information, assified and this season in Russell Moccasin Volunteer Fire The Mountain Empire email jess,powers@rus- display) County, according to Jess Department, and Russell Chapter of the American or call Powers, Russell County County Emergency Red Cross is providing Powers or Patty Tauscher 12 noon Tuesday Emergency and Hazardous Management were dis- emergency shelter, food, at (276) 645-6650. .-- i" ValleyClin00 Times MEMBi/R ,qROINIA PRESS SfMIATION Published sekty in St. Paul,  VA 24283, by the CLINCH VALLEY PUBLISHIN(J CO.,. INC. The Clindl Valley Times servd$ the their-county area of WiseJ Russell. I?.'.'..cJg, ertson and Scott. with offioes and plant located !9r the CLINCH VALLEY TIMES. t building. 16541 Russell Street. Periodicals ptxsiage is paid at the L Post Office in St. Paul. V. 24283, Allen Gregory Edltor/Adv. Sosan Trent Ad v JC-raphica ANNUAL SUBSC2.IPTIONSr , In advance: $28.50 in Wise and, Russell counties; $30.00 in- other 24-zip xdes; elsewhere. $32.50. j- POSTMASTER: send addrcs, changes to: Clinch Valley Time& P,O Box gl7, St. Paul. VA 24283 SINGLE COPY - 50e Classified Advertising: Mini- mum charge, $6,00 for up to 20 words, irt adxance; 25 per wold after 20 words. Display Advert- : ising rates on application. i Periodicals publication . Post ISRN: 767600