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Clinch Valley Times
St. Paul , Virginia
January 14, 2016     Clinch Valley Times
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January 14, 2016

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CLINCH VALLEY TIMES St. Paul, Va. Thursday, January 14, 2016 Page 5 King University to host Open House 1/18 J. Fred Matthews Memorial Library Story Hour Perfect Attendance for December 2015 were (not in order) Leanna Franklin, Rylie Salyer, Elise Salyer, Grayson Harvey, Noah Harvey, Sophia Cathey, Sam Simon, Zoey Funk, and Tyler Banner. They are pictured with Children's Programmer Belinda Levy. Items of Interest... Martin Luther King, at 2:00 pm at Abingdon Homestead Series Jr. Celebration Saturday, United Methodist Church,workshops: January 21- Jan. 16 with March at 1:30 101 East Main, Abingdon.Basic Homestead pm at Charles Wesley Come celebrate the life and Concepts; February 18- United Methodist Church,messages of Dr. King andBeginning Beekeeping; 322 East Main St., the relevance they stillMarch 17-Backyard Abingdon and Celebrationhave today[ Poultry;April 21-Back Russell County Extension News The Russell County Unit of the Virginia Tech and Virginia State Extension Division presents this week's Extension News. Extension Calendar of Events: January 18 VQA Take-up Tri-State Market January 21 Virginia Cattlemen's Association's Producer Meetings Washington County Fairgrounds -Abingdon, VA January 27 VA Forage & Grasslands - Winter Forage Conference Wytheville Meeting Center - Wytheville, VA January 30 Virginia Tech Beef Cattle Health Conference Blacksburg, VA If you need information about any of the listed events, please call the Extension Office at (276) 889-8056. SCOTT JESSEE - AGRICULTURE Virginia Cattlemen's Winter Producer Meeting The Virginia Cattlemen's Association's Winter Producer Meeting will be held on January 21st at 4:30 pm at the Washington County Fairgrounds in Abingdon. Plan on joining producers and industry experts (for dinner) to listen to discussions about the impending Veterinary Feed Directive Rule and the use of genomics in the commercial cow herd. The meeting is FREE but you are requested to RSVP in order to make food preparations. Please call 276-889-8056 to let us know that you are coming! Baby Calves and COLD WEATHER After last winter there is probably no one that needs reminding of how baby calves respond to cold weather. As we prepare for the upcoming calving season, below are some reminders of how to manage during difficult calving periods. Newbom calves are most at risk because they are wet and because they have a large surface area in relation to their total body mass. Calves are not fully capable of maintaining temperature the first several hours of life. Newbom calves have a circulatory system that is less able to respond to cold changes as compared to more mature animals. Weather conditions have a great effect on the risk of frostbite and hypothermia, above and beyond just creating low temperatures. Wind is often the biggest factor. The effect of wind is often referred to as wind chill and tells how living things "feel the temperature". Wind chill is often many degrees colder than the actual temperature. Humidity has a large effect on cold as well since humid air can take more warmth away from animals. The surfaces on which cattle must rest also have a great effect on the risk of frostbite. If cattle must lie on snow ice or frozen ground they will lose much more body heat than if they can rest on dry bedding or grass. Snow or ice from freezing rain on calves dramatically increases heat loss. Calves thz[t freeze to death are unable to maintain a high enough body temper- ature to keep body processes working. Newbom calves have a special body tissue called "brown adipose tissue" that is designed to help them deal with cold tem- peratures. During cold temperatures this special fat is broken down and creates heat that helps the calf keep warm. However, very cold conditions can overcome this protective mechanism and calves die. Intake of the first milk (colostrum) and physical activity help calves maintain and generate the heat they need for body process to work properly. Attentive mothers vigorously clean newborn calves and stimulate this activity and the nurs- ing of colostrums. Inexperienced or less attentive dams may let a calf get cold enough so it is sluggish and hyperthermia results. Recommendations for preventing frostbite and hypothermia in Virginia Cattle: Provide windbreaks for calving cows when wind chill temperatures are below 20 E Provide bedding for calving cows when wind chill temperatures are below 10- E Often the most convenient way to do this is to roll out a dry round bale of hay. House calving cows and calves less than 1 day of age when wind chills are below 10-0 E and calves cannot be kept dry because of snow or rain. Remember, housing can also be a negative because organisms that cause scours and pneumo- nia build up in barns and stalls. Finding the right balance of protecting calves from the cold but not exposing them to "sickness bugs" requires special skill when weather conditions are severe during calving. Treatment of hyperthermia: Careful observation of newborn calves during cold conditions is crucial. Healthy calves stand often, nurse large amounts of colostrums and are alert as evi- denced by their holding the head up and getting up when encouraged. Extremities should feel warm. Cold calves should be warmed and fed warm colostrums. If they do not nurse then they should be given a bottle or tubed with colostrums or a commercial colostrums substitute. A number of warming techniques can be successful. A few hours in the floor board of the pickup truck with the heater on high saves many calves. Hair dryers both dry and warm cold calves. Heat lamps work best if calves are already dry. Electric blankets can be very effective. Some producers have built "calf-boxes" with a forced air heaters - these are very effective. Severe cases of hyperthermia require special attention. Sometimes warming the outside of the calf shunts blood from the critical organs and results in death. Warm water baths can warm a very cold calf quickly, but sometimes result in death. Warm IV solutions or warm enemas administered by veterinarians can sometimes overcome this problem. Careful attention and appropriate treatments during cold weather calving can save calves' lives and improve profitability in tough cattle economic times. The Russell County Extension Unit -- Cornelia Estep, Scott Jessee, Donna Meade and Bill Worrell -- is located on 135 Highlands Drive, Lebanon, VA. Check out the Virginia Cooperative Extension Website at High school juniors and to investigate career paths, seniors who want to expe- volunteer and intern, travel rience what it's like to be a to new places, and build King student can do so on personal and professional Monday, Jan. 18, 2016, as relationships that will con- King University hosts annect them to a bright open house event. The future," says Dorms Felty, event gives students andregional director of Career their families the royalDevelopment at King treatment and the chance to University. "We begin with talk with various freshmen and transfer stu- University representatives dents when they enter King about the admissions and help them build on the process, scholarships and strong academic founda- grants, student life, degree tion they receive here to programs, and much more. become confident, corn- "The open house gives passionate adults who will Top Reader for Story prospective students and shape our future." Hour for December their families the opportu- Representatives from 2015 was Rylie nity to come on campus King's Financial Aid Salyer, she had 159 and learn more about King Office will also be on hand University first-hand,"to speak with those in books read to her. says Tom VerDow, director attendance. "A quality edu- of undergraduate recruit- cation from King ment. "We offer campus University can change a tours, sessions on tdmis- student's life, and our com- Country Navigation Using sions and financial aid, as prehensive scholarship and a Map and Compass; May well as a time for students grant program can make it 19-Edible Wild Plants; and their parents to askan affordable option," says June 16-Amateur Radio. questions of the facultyRichard Brand, director of Workshops are free and and staff. I encourage any FinancialAid at King. open to the public For more and all students who plan Brand adds, "At King information or to register to attend college to come 95% of our traditional stu- contact Extension Agent and experience King dents receive institutional Phil Meeks at 276-328- University!" scholarships or grants to 6194 or Scheduled activities help offset the costs. Visit Workshops sponsored by: begin with registration and King today, and see how Virginia Cooperative an activities fair open from affordable we really are. Extension-Wise .County 8-8:45 a.m. Students will Remember, everything and Norton Community participate in an academic starts with filling out the Center-Norton Parks & showcase where they willFAFSA (Free Application Recreation. interact with faculty and for Federal Student Aid), The Southwest student organizations,and it will be available Virginia Regional Jail Following, students willJanuary 1, 2016, for the Authority Board meeting break into separate student 2016-2017 school year. will be held at 10:30 a.m., and parent information Make sure to file early to on Tuesday, January 26, groups on a broad array of get the best possible fman- 2015, at the Quality Inn & topics including: acade-cial aid award." Suites, Norton, Virginia. mics, student life, and King University's open January Genealogy campus safety, as well as Q house also includes lunch Help Night. The & A panels with current in King's dining hall, as J o n e s b o r o u g h King University students, well as campus tours. Genealogical Society will Participants will also enjoy Activities will conclude at host a Genealogy Help mock classes taught by approximately l:30p.m. Night on Thursday January King faculty. Students. interested in 14, 2016, from 6 pm to 8 Students and parents attending the open house at pm at the Washington will have an opportunity to King University should County Tennessee Public meet with King's Career contact the admissions Library, 200 Sabin Drive, Success Center staff mem- office at 800.362.0014 or Jonesborough, TN. " bers. "The Career Success register online at Center encourages students IN THE Cb'T CLASSIFIE CtUHCH LLIEY Es.